Cicada Mania

Dedicated to cicadas, the most amazing insects in the world.

Homepage: 17 & 13 Year Cicada Broods

17 & 13 Year Periodical Cicadas

Summer Cicadas

This page is strictly for Magicicada periodical cicadas, aka 17 & 13-year cicadas, aka "locusts" (why they're called locusts).
This does not cover annual cicada species in North America and other parts of the world.

The 2019 periodical cicada season is over. Brood IX will emerge in 2020.

The Brood Chart:

The Brood Chart features the names of the broods, their life cycle length, when they will emerge next, which states they'll emerge in, links to Maps, the species that will emerge, other other information. Click the maps for larger, detailed maps.

Magicicada Brood Chart
Brood17 or 13YearStragglers ProbableStatesSpecies
I (1) 17 1961, 1978, 1995, 2012, 2029 2025 (-4), 2028 (-1), 2030 (+1) TN, VA, WVA
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_01/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
II (2) 17 1962, 1979, 1996, 2013, 2030 2026 (-4), 2029 (-1), 2031 (+1) CT, GA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, VA
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_02/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
III (3) 17 1963, 1980, 1997, 2014, 2031 2027 (-4), 2030 (-1), 2032 (+1) IA, IL, MO
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_03/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
IV (4) 17 1964, 1981, 1998, 2015, 2032 2028 (-4), 2031 (-1) IA, KS, MO, NE, OK, TX
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_04/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
V (5) 17 1965, 1982, 1999, 2016, 2033 2017 (+1), 2029 (-4), 2032 (-1) LI NY, western MD, east OH, south-west PA, north-west VA, northern half of WV
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_05/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
VI (6) 17 1949, 1966, 1983, 2000, 2017 2018 (+1), 2030 (-4) GA, NC, SC, WI, OH
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_06/
M. septendecim, M. septendecula
VII (7) 17 1950, 1967, 1984, 2001, 2018 2017 (-1), 2019 (+1), 2031 (-4) NY
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_07/
M. septendecim
VIII (8) 17 1951, 1968, 1985, 2002, 2019 2018 (-1), 2020 (+1), 2032 (-4) OH, PA, WVA and OK
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_08/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
IX (9) 17 1952, 1969, 1986, 2003, 2020 2019 (-1), 2021 (+1) NC, VA, WVA
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_09/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
X (10) 17 1953, 1970, 1987, 2004, 2021 2017 (-4), 2020 (-1), 2022 (+1) DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA, Washington DC
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_10/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
XIII (13) 17 1956, 1973, 1990, 2007, 2024 2020 (-4), 2023 (-1), 2025 (+1) IA, IL, IN, MI, WI
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_13/
M. septendecim, M. cassini
XIV (14) 17 1957, 1974, 1991, 2008, 2025 2021 (-4), 2024 (-1), 2026 (+1) GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_14/
M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula
XIX (19) 13 1972, 1985, 1998, 2011, 2024 2023 (-1), 2025 (+1), 2027 (+4) AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, VA
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_19/
M. tredecim, M. neotredecim, M. tredecassini, M. tredecula
XXII (22) 13 1975, 1988, 2001, 2014, 2027 2018 (+4), 2026 (-1), 2028 (+1) KY, LA, MS, OH
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_22/
M. tredecim, M. tredecassini, M. tredecula
XXIII (23) 13 1976, 1989, 2002, 2015, 2028 2019 (+4), 2027 (-1), 2029 (+1) AR, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, TN
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_23/
M. tredecim, M. neotredecim, M. tredecassini, M. tredecula

When will they emerge?

Generally speaking, these cicadas will begin to emerge when the soil 8" beneath the ground reaches 64 degrees Fahrenheit. A nice, warm rain will often trigger an emergence. They typically emerge in May but have been known to emerge in late April or early June. It all depends on the weather.

What should you look for before they emerge?

Chimneys / Turrets

Look out for cicada chimneys also known as turrets. These are structures cicadas build out of the soil, positioned above the spot where they will emerge.

Cicada chimneys Exposed cicada chimney

Holes

Look for holes the diameter of an adult's finger near the root system of a tree. These are sure signs that cicadas will emerge in the area.

Many Magicicada emergence holes in Edison Memorial Tower park in Edison NJ

Cicadas Under Stones & Slates

You might discover some cicada nymphs while turning over stones or when performing landscaping chores.

cicada under slate


What do they look like when they emerge:

Here is a great video of Magicicada nymphs once they have emerged from the ground:

cicada nymphs on hand

This is a recently emerged nymph crawling up a tree. Note that its eyes are red.

a Magicicada nymph

Once cicadas nymphs have emerged from the ground, they will try to find a tree (or similar vertical surface), and then begin the process of exiting their old nymph skins (ecdysis), expanding their wings, and changing to their adult coloring. Watch this amazing transformation.

a teneral Magicicada


How to tell the difference between the seven Magicicada species:

Species Visually the same as Common Name Life Broods Next Year
Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758) M. neotredecim Pharaoh 17 I-X, XIII, XIV 2019
Magicicada neotredecim Marshall and Cooley M. septendecim Pharaoh 13 XIX, XXIII 2024
Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868) Like M. neotredecim & M. septendecim, but abdomen is more orange Pharaoh 13 XIX, XXII, XXIII 2024
Magicicada cassini (Fisher, 1851) M. tredecassini Dwarf 17 I-V, VIII-X, XIII, XIV 2019
Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962 M. cassini Dwarf 13 XIX, XXII, XXIII 2024
Magicicada septendecula Alexander and Moore, 1962 M. tredecula 17 I-VI, VIII-X, XIII, XIV 2019
Magicicada tredecula Alexander and Moore, 1962 M. septendecula 13 XIX, XXII, XXIII 2024

Magicicada septendecim, Magicicada neotredecim, Magicicada tredecim Magicicada cassini, Magicicada tredecassini Magicicada septendecula, Magicicada tredecula
M. septendecim Call:
Sounds like "Pharaoh, Pharaoh!".
M. cassini Call and Court:
Note how it makes a quick burst of sound, followed by some rapid clicks.
M. tredecula Call:
Note the "tick, tick, tick" rhythm of its call.
Magicicada septendecula male and female by Osamu Hikino
Male on left; Female on right.
M. neotredecim & M. septendecim have broad orange stripes with more orange than black on their abdomens.

M. tredecim from Ohio in 2014.
M. tredecim, by comparison, have almost entirely orange abdomens.
Orange marking behind eye used to identify -decim Magicicadas.
M. septendecim also have an area of orange coloring between the eye and the wing (pronotal extension).
Magicicada cassini male and female by Osamu Hikino
Female on left; Male on right.
M. tredecassin & M. cassini have black abdomens with virtually no orange at all. Orange stripes are possible in the mid-west (important to note for Brood IV).
Femal Magicicada septendecula and Male Magicicada septendecula
Female on left; Male on right.
M. septendecula & M. tredecula have stripes that feature more black than orange.

For more information visit Magicicada.org.

How to figure out if they're coming to your town?

  1. Verify that they're coming to your state. Check the Magicicada Brood Chart on this page.
  2. Check Cicada Brood Maps linked from this page to see if they're coming to your general area.
  3. Check to see if they're coming to your neighborhood. Good sources include:
    1. Check the Cicada Central Magicicada Database to see the counties where cicadas have appeared in the past.
    2. Ask someone who lived there 17 (or 13) years before.
    3. Old timers (hint: old timers usually call them locusts).
    4. Check your local Library for old newspaper articles.
    5. Check with a local college: contact the biology or agriculture departments.
    6. Your local county and town parks department (parks and rec). Some county parks departments plan events around cicada emergences.
  4. When will they emerge?
    1. They will emerge sometime in the Spring, for sure.
    2. They typically emerge once the soil 8 inches (20 cm) below the surface gets to 64 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celcius). At that temperature, they will start digging their tunnels to the surface. After a couple of days with above-ground temperatures near the 80's F, and after a good rain, they will definitely emerge.
    3. Cicadas in sunny areas of your yard will emerge before cicadas in shady areas.
    4. Cicadas in the southern-most states will emerge before cicadas in northern states.
    5. You can try the Cicada Emergence Formula as well.
  5. They're coming, and I have baby trees!
    1. Spray them off with a garden hose.
    2. Foil around the trunk (to keep them from crawling up) (thanks Deborah).
    3. Insect barrier tape.
    4. Place netting over your precious ornamental trees: Try a landscaping supply place - where you bought the baby trees in the first place.
    5. Bagpipes (no joke, it worked at my friend's wedding).
    6. Don't use pesticide - we like all insects (especially pollinating bees).
  6. They're coming, and they scare me!
    • Get a grip! They're only bugs.
    • Try a hat, an umbrella, a bee-keepers' outfit, a suit of armor...
  7. They're coming, and they're going to ruin my wedding!

Questions about the Brood Chart

Question: Why do I have cicadas in my neighborhood, but your chart indicates that I shouldn't?

Answer: Some possibilities: 1) they are stragglers, periodical cicadas that emerge too soon or late, 2) they are not periodical cicadas, but are a different North American species, or 3) you live on a continent other than North America, in which case, try one of these pages.


Question: Why don't I have periodical cicadas in my area, but the information on your website indicates that I should?

Answer: Two possibilities: 1) they went extinct or otherwise died off in your area, or 2) they aren't everywhere in a state - normally there are large gaps in their range.


Question: What are stragglers?

Answer: Stragglers can emerge 1 or 4 years early or 1 or 4 years late. Don't be surprised if you see some periodical cicadas emerge earlier than planned this year. 17-year brood members are most likely to straggle 4 years early, and 13-year brood members are most likely to straggle 4 years late. Straggler probability chart.


Question: Why are there no Brood XI, XII, XV, XVI... ?

Answer: Perhaps you've noticed there are no Broods XI (11), XII (12), XV (15), XVI (16), XVII (17), XVIII (18), XX (20), XXI (21), XXIV (24), etc. Don't worry about that. They never existed or are extinct (XI, XXI).


More Magicicada Information