Cicada Mania

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July 12, 2020

Chicago Area Periodical Cicada Emergences in 2020

Filed under: Accelerations | Brood XIII | Magicicada | Periodical Stragglers | United States — Dan @ 10:04 am

Many periodical cicadas emerged four years early in the Chicago area in 2020. These cicadas belong to the Brood XIII (13) which is set to emerge in 2024, and last emerged in 2007. Periodical cicadas often emerge in years proceeding or following the year their brood is expected to emerge. This phenomenon is called straggling. Most of the time these “stragglers” emerge in small numbers and are quickly eaten by predators, and do not go on to sing, chorus (synchronized singing for the purpose of attracting females), mate, and lay eggs. Sometimes they emerge in numbers large enough to survive, chorus and reproduce — this seems to have happened in the Chicago area in 2020. It is thought this this is how new broods formed over the millennia — cicadas emerge 4 or 1 year early in significant numbers and form a new brood. When enough stragglers emerge to successfully reproduce it is called an acceleration.

So, is a new brood forming around Chicago? Is this due to climate change or localized “heat islands”? Will the progeny of these stragglers emerge in 13, 17 or 21 years? Lots of questions — but we’ll need to wait quite some time to answer them.

There is a precedence for Brood XIII cicadas straggling in the Chicago area:

In 1969 massive numbers of periodical cicadas emerged in the Chicago suburbs 1 (Williams, K.S. & Simon, C. 1995).

In 1986, another 4-year acceleration was observed in the Chicago area by Monte Lloyd 1.

In 2003, many people left observations on our forums. Observations were made in Glenview, Flossmoor, Riverside, Downers Grove, Homewood, Westmont, Oak Park, and Hinsdale. Here are some examples:

Magicicada emerging this evening

Date: Wednesday, Jun/4/2003

Message: As I went for a walk this evening I noticed quite a few periodic cicadas emerging in the grass, crawling on the sidewalks and on the trunks of trees. This is not our year for the 17-year brood. We should not have them until 2007. Has anyone else in the Chicago area seen these cicadas? — Sue, Flossmoor, IL

Cicada singing

Date: Monday, Jun/9/2003

Message: I heard the cicadas singing for the first time this morning after my walk. Now that I have my doors open I can hear them on and off. — Sue, Flossmoor, IL

In 2020 many people left comments on the Brood XIII page, emailed us (thanks Neil) and left sightings via the Cicada Safari app.

1Williams, K.S. & Simon, C. 1995. The Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution of Periodical Cicadas. Annual Review of Entomology. Vol. 40:269-295 (https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.40.010195.001413).

May 27, 2020

Where will 17 & 13 Year Periodical Cicada Broods emerge next?

Skip to a section: Broods | Your Town | Pre Emergence Signs | Magicicada Species.

17 & 13 Year Periodical Cicadas

🛑 This page is strictly for Magicicada periodical cicadas, aka 17 & 13-year cicadas, aka "locusts" (read why they’re called locusts).This does not cover annual cicada species in North America and other parts of the world.

News

đź“… Brood X will emerge in the spring of 2021.

Researchers need your help! If you see a cicada, please report it using the Cicada Safari App 📱, available for Android and Apple phones. See a Live Map of sightings.

Magicicada Brood Chart

The Brood Chart features the names of the broods (Roman numerals), their life cycle length, when they will emerge next, which states they’ll emerge in, links to Maps, the species that will emerge, and other information. Click the maps for larger, detailed maps.

Brood 17 or 13 Year Stragglers Probable States & Species
I (1) 17 1961, 1978, 1995, 2012, 2029 2025 (-4), 2028 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: TN, VA, WV
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_01/
II (2) 17 1962, 1979, 1996, 2013, 2030 2026 (-4), 2029 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: CT, GA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, VA
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_02/
III (3) 17 1963, 1980, 1997, 2014, 2031 2027 (-4), 2030 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: IA, IL, MO
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_03/
IV (4) 17 1964, 1981, 1998, 2015, 2032 2028 (-4), 2031 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: IA, KS, MO, NE, OK, TX
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_04/
V (5) 17 1965, 1982, 1999, 2016, 2033 2029 (-4), 2032 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: LI NY, MD, OH, PA, VA, WV
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_05/
VI (6) 17 1966, 1983, 2000, 2017, 2034 2030 (-4), 2933 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. septendecula.
States: GA, NC, SC, WI, OH
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_06/
VII (7) 17 1967, 1984, 2001, 2018, 2035 2031 (-4), 2034 (-1) Species: M. septendecim.
States: NY
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_07/
VIII (8) 17 1968, 1985, 2002, 2019, 2036 2032 (-4), 2035 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: OH, PA, WV and OK
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_08/
IX (9) 17 1952, 1969, 1986, 2003, 2020 2033 (-4), 2036 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: NC, VA, WV
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_09/
X (10) 17 1953, 1970, 1987, 2004, 2021 2020 (-1), 2034 (-4), 2037 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WV, Washington
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_10/
XIII (13) 17 1956, 1973, 1990, 2007, 2024 2020 (-4), 2023 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini.
States: IA, IL, IN, MI, WI
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_13/
XIV (14) 17 1957, 1974, 1991, 2008, 2025 2021 (-4), 2024 (-1) Species: M. septendecim, M. cassini, M. septendecula.
States: GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WV
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_14/
XIX (19) 13 1972, 1985, 1998, 2011, 2024 2020 (-4), 2023 (-1) Species: M. tredecim, M. neotredecim, M. tredecassini, M. tredecula.
States: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, VA
Brood XIX mini map
XXII (22) 13 1975, 1988, 2001, 2014, 2027 2023 (-4), 2026 (-1) Species: M. tredecim, M. tredecassini, M. tredecula.
States: KY, LA, MS, OH
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_22/
XXIII (23) 13 1976, 1989, 2002, 2015, 2028 2024 (-4), 2027 (-1) Species: M. tredecim, M. neotredecim, M. tredecassini, M. tredecula.
States: AR, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, TN
http://magicicada.org/magicicada/brood_23/

When will they emerge?

đź“… 🌡️ Generally speaking, these cicadas will begin to emerge when the soil 8″ beneath the ground reaches 64 degrees Fahrenheit (Heath, 1968). A nice, warm rain will often trigger an emergence. They typically emerge in May but have been known to emerge in late April or early June. It all depends on the weather.

What should you look for before they emerge?

Chimneys / Turrets

Look for cicada chimneys a.k.a. turrets. These are structures cicadas build out of the soil, positioned above the hole where they will emerge.

Chimney

Holes

Look for holes the diameter of an adult’s finger near the root system of a tree. These are sure signs that cicadas will emerge in the area.

Holes

Cicadas Under Stones & Slates

You might discover some cicada nymphs while turning over stones or when performing landscaping chores.

Cicada tunneling under slate

What do they look like when they emerge:

Here is a great video of Magicicada nymphs once they have emerged from the ground:


Nymph

This is a recently emerged nymph crawling up a tree. Note that its eyes are red.

Nymph

Once cicadas nymphs have emerged from the ground, they will try to find a tree (or similar vertical surface), and then begin the process of shedding their old nymph skins (ecdysis), expanding their wings, and changing to their adult coloring. Watch this amazing transformation.

Teneral

How to tell the difference between the seven Magicicada species:

The first way is based on the Brood. Take a look at the Brood chart above, and see which species appear with the Brood.

There are 3 basic types of Magicicada: “‘Decims”, “‘Cassini” and “‘Deculas”.

“Decims” aka Pharaoh Cicadas

There are three species in this category:

  1. Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758). 17-year life cycle. Broods: I-X, XIII, XIV.
  2. Magicicada neotredecim Marshall and Cooley 2000. 13-year life cycle. Broods: XIX, XXIII.
  3. Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868). 13-year life cycle. Brood: XIX, XXII, XXIII.

Their songs are very similar, however, when M. neotredecim & M. tredecim emerge in the same location, M. neotredecim’s song takes a higher pitch. Sounds like “Pharaoh, Pharaoh!”.

Visual Appearance:

M. septendecim
Male on left; Female on right.

M. neotredecim & M. septendecim have broad orange stripes with more orange than black on their abdomens.

M. tredecim
M. tredecim, by comparison, have almost entirely orange abdomens.

eye to wing
M. septendecim also have an area of orange coloring between the eye and the wing (pronotal extension).

“Cassini” aka Dwarf Cicadas

There are two species in this category:

  1. Magicicada cassini (Fisher, 1851). 17-year life cycle. Broods: I-V, VIII-X, XIII, XIV.
  2. Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962. 13-year life cycle. Broods: XIX, XXII, XXII.

Their songs are essentially identical:

M. cassini Call and Court:

Note how it makes a quick burst of sound, followed by some rapid clicks.

Visual Appearance:

M. cassini
Female on left; Male on right.
M. tredecassin & M. cassini have black abdomens with virtually no orange at all. Orange stripes are possible in the mid-west (important to note for Brood IV).

“Decula”

There are two species in this category:

  1. Magicicada septendecula Alexander and Moore, 1962. 17-year life cycle. Broods: I-VI, VIII-X, XIII, XIV.
  2. Magicicada tredecula Alexander and Moore, 1962. 13-year life cycle. Broods: XIX, XXII, XXIII.

Their songs are essentially identical:

M. tredecula Call:

Note the “tick, tick, tick” rhythm of the call.

Visual Appearance:

M. septendecula
Female on left; Male on right.
M. septendecula & M. tredecula have stripes that feature more black than orange. Otherwise, they’re very similar to M. cassini.

How to figure out if they’re coming to your town?

  1. Verify that they’re coming to your state. Check the Magicicada Brood Chart on this page.
  2. Check Cicada Brood Maps linked from this page to see if they’re coming to your general area.
  3. Check to see if they’re coming to your neighborhood. Good sources include:
    1. Check the Cicada Central Magicicada Database to see the counties where cicadas have appeared in the past.
    2. Ask someone who lived there 17 (or 13) years before.
    3. Old timers (hint: old timers usually call them locusts).
    4. Check your local Library for old newspaper articles.
    5. Check with a local college: contact the entomology, forestry, or agriculture-related departments.
    6. Your local national, state, county and town parks department (parks and rec). Some county parks departments plan events around cicada emergences.
  4. When will they emerge?
    1. They will emerge sometime in the Spring, for sure.
    2. They typically emerge once the soil 8 inches (20 cm) below the surface gets to 64 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celcius). At that temperature, they will start digging their tunnels to the surface. After a couple of days with above-ground temperatures near the 80’s F, and after a good rain, they will definitely emerge. Read this paper for more info: Thermal Synchronization of Emergence in Periodical “17-year” Cicadas (Homoptera, Cicadidae, Magicicada) by James Edward Heath, American Midland Naturalist, Vol. 80, No. 2. (Oct., 1968), pp. 440-448.
    3. Cicadas in sunny areas of your yard will emerge before cicadas in shady areas.
    4. Cicadas in the southern-most states will emerge before cicadas in northern states.
    5. You can try the Cicada Emergence Formula as well.
  5. If you don’t want them do damage your young / ornamental trees
    1. Spray them off with a garden hose.
    2. Foil around the trunk (to keep them from crawling up) (thanks Deborah).
    3. Insect barrier tape.
    4. Netting placed around & over the tree. “Insect barrier netting”. “Fruit tree covers”.
    5. Bagpipes (no joke, it worked at my friend’s wedding).
    6. Don’t use pesticide – we like all insects (especially pollinating bees).
  6. Are you scared of insects?
    • Unlike some other insects & arthropods. cicadas are not poisonous or venomous.
    • Try a hat, an umbrella, a bee-keepers’ outfit, a suit of armor…
  7. They’re coming, and they’re going to ruin my wedding!

Questions about the Brood Chart

Question: Why do I have cicadas in my neighborhood, but your chart indicates that I shouldn’t?

Answer: Some possibilities: 1) they are stragglers, periodical cicadas that emerge too soon or late, 2) they are not periodical cicadas, but are a different North American species, 3) you live on a continent other than North America, in which case, try one of these pages, or 4) SURPRISE! The U.S. is a big place and some cicada populations have yet to be documented.


Question: Why don’t I have periodical cicadas in my area, but the information on your website indicates that I should?

Answer: Two possibilities: 1) they went extinct or otherwise died off in your area, or 2) they aren’t everywhere in a state – normally there are large gaps in their range.


Question: What are stragglers?

Answer: Stragglers can emerge 1 or 4 years early or 1 or 4 years late. Don’t be surprised if you see some periodical cicadas emerge earlier than planned this year. 17-year brood members are most likely to straggle 4 years early, and 13-year brood members are most likely to straggle 4 years late. Straggler probability chart.


Question: Why are there no Brood XI, XII, XV, XVI… ?

Answer: Perhaps you’ve noticed there are no Broods XI (11), XII (12), XV (15), XVI (16), XVII (17), XVIII (18), XX (20), XXI (21), XXIV (24), etc. Don’t worry about that. They never existed or are extinct (XI, XXI).


More Magicicada websites:

  1. For much more information about 17-year cicadas visit Magicicada.org. The maps on this page link to that site.
  2. The Cicada Safari App is available for Android and Apple devices 📱. Use it to see where people are finding cicadas, and to report your own sightings.
  3. Check the Cicada Central Magicicada Database to see the counties where cicadas have appeared in the past. For more information about this database and cicada research in general, visit the Simon Lab website.

More Magicicada Information

April 15, 2020

Common Cicadas of North America

Filed under: Canada | North America (Continent) | United States — Dan @ 6:34 pm

This is a list of the most well-known cicadas in North America.

Annual Cicada Species

These cicadas appear ever year.

Cacama valvata (Uhler, 1888)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - valvata - Adam Fleishman
©Adam Fleishman.

  • Short Name: C. valvata
  • Common Name: Common Cactus Dodger
  • Locations: AZ, CA, CO, KS, NV, NM, OK, TX, UT
  • When: May-June, peaking in June.
  • Eyes: beige and black mix
  • Collar: black with gold highlights
  • Description: Black with gold highlights and white pruinose.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Cicadettana calliope calliope (Walker, 1850)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - calliope - Paul Krombholz
©Paul Krombholz

  • Short Name: C. calliope calliope
  • Common Name: Southern Grass Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, CO, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MS, MO, NE, NC, OH, OK, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA
  • When: May-August, peaking in July.
  • Eyes: pink, beige
  • Collar: rust, brown
  • Description: Small. Black and brown.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Diceroprocta apache (Davis, 1921)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - apache - Adam Fleishman
© Adam Fleishman


Diceroprocta olympusa (Walker, 1850)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - olympusa - Joe Green
© Joe Green.

  • Short Name: D. olympusa
  • Common Name: Olympic Scrub Cicada
  • Locations: AL, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC
  • When: June-August. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: brown?
  • Collar: green
  • Description: Black, brown and green with white pruinose.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Diceroprocta vitripennis (Say, 1830)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - vitripennis - Paul Krombholz
© Paul Krombholz

  • Short Name: D. vitripennis
  • Common Name: Green Winged Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MS, MO, NE, OK, TN, TX, WI
  • When: June-August. Peaks in July.
  • Eyes: green
  • Collar: green
  • Description: Black with green and brown and white pruinose.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Megatibicen auletes (Germar, 1834)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Auletes - Dan

  • Short Name: M. auletes
  • Common Name: Northern Dusk Singing Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MA, MI, MS, MO, NE, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV, WI
  • When: June-September. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: gray / beige
  • Collar: olive or rusty brown
  • Description: The largest North American cicada. Olive green to rusty brown with black, tan and white coloring. Heavy white pruinosis. M on mesonotum typically partially ocluded by pruinosis. Sings at dusk.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Megatibicen dealbatus (Davis, 1915)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - dealbatus - Bill Reynolds collection

  • Short Name: M. dealbatus
  • Common Name: Plains Cicada
  • Locations: CO, IA, KS, MT, NE, NM, ND, OK, SD, TX, WY
  • When: June-October. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: beige
  • Collar: light orange or olive
  • Description: Primarily either orange/rust or pea green, brown, black with heavy pruninosity which forms distinct markings on dorsal side of body. Dorsal side has two black stripes framed by three areas of pruinosity. Sounds like N. pronotalis.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Megatibicen dorsatus (Say, 1825)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - dorsatus - Bill Lesar
© Bill Lesar

  • Short Name: M. dorsatus
  • Common Name: Bush Cicada or Grand Western or Giant Grassland Cicada
  • Locations: AR, CO, ID, IL, IA, KS, MO, MT, NE, NM, OK, SD, TX, WY
  • When: July-September. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: beige to brown
  • Collar: light orange
  • Description: Rust/orange, black & white pruinosity, which forms distinct markings, such as a line of white dots down the dorsal side of the abdomen. Sounds like N. tremulus. Has a call that sounds like a rapid series of clicks.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Megatibicen figuratus (Walker, 1858)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - figuratus - Paul Krombholz
© Paul Krombholz

  • Short Name: M. figuratus
  • Common Name: Fall Southeastern Dusk-singing Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA
  • When: August-October. Peaks in September.
  • Eyes: brown
  • Collar: brown
  • Description: Black and browns. White pruinosis.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Megatibicen pronotalis walkeri Metcalf, 1955

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Walkers - Roy Troutman
© Roy Troutman

  • Short Name: M. pronotalis walkeri
  • Common Name: Walker’s Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MS, MO, NE, NC, ND, OH, OK, SD, TN, TX, VA, WV, WI, WY
  • When: July-September. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: gray
  • Collar: green or brown
  • Description: Tan or pea green, brown, black, and sometimes white pruinose. Wing color matches dominant color of body. Typically lacks a black marking on its pronotum.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Megatibicen resh (Haldeman, 1852)

©Insect Singers.
Thumbs - Resh - Bill Reynolds collection

  • Short Name: M. resh
  • Common Name: Resh Cicada
  • Locations: AR, KS, LA, MS, NE, OK, SC, TN, TX
  • When: May-October. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: varies
  • Collar: olive
  • Description: Black, green and brown camo pattern. White pruinosis. Resh Hebrew character pattern on mesonotum.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Megatibicen resonans (Walker, 1850)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - resonans - Joe Green
© Joe Green

  • Short Name: M. resonans
  • Common Name: Southern Resonant/Great Pine Barrens Cicada
  • Locations: AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA
  • When: May-October. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: brown
  • Collar: brown
  • Description: Brown, black & white pruinosity distinctively present within curves of the cruciform elevation.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neocicada hieroglyphica hieroglyphica (Say, 1830)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - hieroglyphica - Joe Green
© Joe Green

  • Short Name: N. hieroglyphica hieroglyphica
  • Common Name: Hieroglyphic Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MS, MO, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA
  • When: May-August. Peaks in June.
  • Eyes: varies
  • Collar: varies
  • Description: Black, brown and green patterns.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen canicularis (Harris, 1841)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Dog Day - Paul Krombholz
© Paul Krombholz

  • Short Name: N. canicularis
  • Common Name: Dog-day Cicada
  • Locations: AR, CT, DC, IL, IN, IA, KS, ME, MB, MD, MA, MI, MN, MO, NE, NB, NH, NJ, NY, NC, ND, NS, OH, ON, PA, PE, QC, RI, SC, SD, TN, VT, VA, WV, WI
  • When: July-September. Peaks in August.
  • Eyes: varies
  • Collar: varies
  • Description: Typical black, brown, beige and green Tibicen camo patterns. Primary color varies from browns to greens. Collar is often a mix of green & black. Sounds like an angle grinder tool, and like N. auriferus & N. davisi.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen davisi davisi (Smith and Grossbeck, 1907)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - davisi - Paul Krombholz
© Paul Krombholz

  • Short Name: N. davisi davisi
  • Common Name: Davis’ Southeastern Dog-Day Cicada
  • Locations: AL, DE, DC, FL, GA, LA, MD, MA, MS, NJ, NY, NC, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
  • When: August-December. Peaks in September.
  • Eyes: varies
  • Collar: brown or green
  • Description: The davisi comes in a wide variety of colors: from rusty browns to greens. A crown-like pattern on the mesonotum. Sounds like an angle grinder tool, & sounds like N. auriferus & N. canicularis.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen latifasciatus (Davis, 1915)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Latifasciatus - Bill Reynolds collection

  • Short Name: N. latifasciatus
  • Common Name: Coastal Scissor(s) Grinder Cicada
  • Locations: FL, MD, NJ, NC, VA
  • When: August-October. Peaks in September.
  • Eyes: brown
  • Collar: brown or green
  • Description: If the cicada has a white X on its back, it is a latifasciatus. Repetitive, rhythmic, call like someone repeatedly running a scissor over a grinding wheel.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen linnei (Smith and Grossbeck, 1907)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Linnei - Tom Lehmkuhl
© Tom Lehmkuhl

  • Short Name: N. linnei
  • Common Name: Linne’s Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, NE, NJ, NY, NC, OH, ON, PA, SC, TN, VT, VA, WV, WI
  • When: July-September. Peak in August.
  • Eyes: dark brown
  • Collar: green
  • Description: Black, green and some brown camo pattern. Prominent M. Bend in its wing. Sounds like N. tibicen.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen lyricen engelhardti (Davis, 1910)

Thumb - Dark Lyric - Roy Troutman
© Roy Troutman

  • Short Name: N. lyricen engelhardti
  • Common Name: Dark Lyric Cicada
  • Locations: AL, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, IN, IL, KY, MD, MA, MS, NJ, NY, NC, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, WV
  • When: July-September. Peaks in July.
  • Eyes: black
  • Collar: black
  • Description: The Dark Lyric Cicadas have the darkest coloration of all the Lyric cicadas. Their mesonotum is almost entirely dark brown/black. They have a “soda-pop pull-tab” or keyhole shape on their pronotum.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen lyricen lyricen (De Geer, 1773)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Lyric - Dan

  • Short Name: N. lyricen lyricen
  • Common Name: Lyric Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MA, MI, MS, MO, NE, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OK, ON, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV, WI
  • When: June-August. Peak in July.
  • Eyes: brown
  • Collar: black
  • Description: The Lyric cicada, like most small Neotibicen, has a green, black & brown camouflage look, but the key is Lyric cicadas typically have black collars. Its sound is like an angle grinder tool steadily grinding a slightly uneven surface.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen pruinosus pruinosus (Say, 1825)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Pruinosa - Paul Krombholz
© Paul Krombholz

  • Short Name: N. pruinosus pruinosus
  • Common Name: Scissor(s) Grinder
  • Locations: AL, AR, CO, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MI, MN, MS, MO, NE, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, WV, WI
  • When: June-October. Peak in August.
  • Eyes: black
  • Collar: green
  • Description: The Scissor Grinder looks a lot like Linne’s Cicada but their wing doesn’t have bend that Linne’s Cicada has. The Scissor Grinder also seems to have more of an orange coloration to the ‘arches’ on its mesonotum.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen superbus (Fitch, 1855)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Superb - Sloan Childers
© Sloan Childers

  • Short Name: N. superbus
  • Common Name: Superb Dog-Day Cicada
  • Locations: AR, KS, LA, MO, NM, OK, TX
  • When: June-August. Peak in July.
  • Eyes: black
  • Collar: green
  • Description: Green with black mask and yellow arches on back.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen tibicen tibicen (Linnaeus, 1758)


Thumb - Chloromera - Dan

  • Short Name: N. tibicen tibicen
  • Common Name: Swamp Cicada, Morning Cicada
  • Locations: AL, AR, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MA, MI, MS, MO, NE, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, VA, WV, WI
  • When: June-September. Peak in August.
  • Eyes: black or dark green
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Swamp Cicadas are are known for their rounded, humped back. Their coloration varies from mostly black & some green to black, brown and green. Their collar is usually black, but can include green.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Neotibicen winnemanna (Davis, 1912)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - winnemanna - Dan

  • Short Name: N. winnemanna
  • Common Name: Eastern Scissor(s) Grinder
  • Locations: DE, DC, GA, MD, NC, NJ, PA, SC, VA
  • When: June-September. Peak in September.
  • Eyes: dark green
  • Collar: green
  • Description: Like the Scissor Grinder, the Eastern Scissor Grinder seems to have more of an orange hue to the arches on its mesonotum, perhaps even more so than the Scissor Grinder.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Okanagana bella Davis, 1919

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Bella - Matt Berger
© Matt Berger

  • Short Name: O. bella
  • Common Name: Mountain Cicada
  • Locations: AB, AZ, BC, CA, CO, ID, MT, NV, NM, OR, SD, UT, WA, WY
  • When: June-July. Peaks in June.
  • Eyes: black
  • Collar: orange
  • Description: Black with orange highlights.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Okanagana canadensis (Provancher, 1889)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - canadensis - Les Daniels
© Les Daniels

  • Short Name: O. canadensis
  • Common Name: Canadian Cicada
  • Locations: AB, BC, CA, CO, ID, ME, MB, MI, MN, MT, NB, NH, NY, NT, OH, ON, OR, PA, QC, SK, SD, UT, VT, WI
  • When: June-July. Peaks in June.
  • Eyes: dark gray
  • Collar: black and beige
  • Description: Black with beige highlights.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Okanagana rimosa rimosa (Say, 1830)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Rimosa - Natasha
© Natasha

  • Short Name: O. rimosa rimosa
  • Common Name: Say’s Cicada
  • Locations: AB, BC, CA, CT, ID, IL, IN, IA, ME, MB, MD, MA, MI, MN, MT, NV, NB, NH, NJ, NY, ND, OH, ON, OR, PA, QC, SD, UT, VT, VA, WA, WI, WY
  • When: May-July. Peak in June.
  • Eyes: n/a
  • Collar: n/a
  • Description: n/a
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Pacarina puella Davis, 1923

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Puella - John Beard
© John Beard


Quesada gigas (Olivier, 1790)

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - Gigas - Leonardo Milhomem
© Leonardo Milhomem

  • Short Name: Q. gigas
  • Common Name: Giant Cicada
  • Locations: TX
  • When: Always out somewhere in the Americas. Peak in July.
  • Eyes: brown
  • Collar: brown to green
  • Description: The second largest North American cicada. Black, green and brown camo patterns.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Periodical Cicadas

These cicadas have 17 or 13 year life cycles. Visit the Periodical Cicada Information Page for when and where.

Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852)


Thumb - cassini - Dan

  • Short Name: M. cassini
  • Common Name: Cassini Periodical Cicada or 17-Year Cicada
  • Locations: GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MO, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Eyes: reddish orange
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Magicicada neotredecim Marshall and Cooley, 2000

©Insect Singers.
Thumb - neotredecim - Dan

  • Short Name: M. neotredecim
  • Common Name: 13 Periodical Cicada or 13-Year Cicada or John and David’s Cicada
  • Locations: AR, IA, IL, IN, KY, MO, TN
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Eyes: reddish orange
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen. Orange between eye and wing.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758)


Thumb - Septendecim - Dan

  • Short Name: M. septendecim
  • Common Name: Decim Periodical Cicada or Linnaeus’s 17-Year Cicada or 17-Year Cicada
  • Locations: CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Eyes: reddish orange
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen. Orange between eye and wing.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Magicicada septendecula Alexander and Moore, 1962

© Joe Green.
Thumb - septendecula - Dan

  • Short Name: M. septendecula
  • Common Name: Decula Periodical Cicdada or 17-Year Cicada
  • Locations: GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, VA, WV
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Eyes: reddish orange
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962


Thumb - tredecassini

  • Short Name: M. tredecassini
  • Common Name: 13-Year Cicada or 13-Year Cassini
  • Locations: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Eyes: reddish orange
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868)

©Insect Singers
Thumb - tredecim - Dan

  • Short Name: M. tredecim
  • Common Name: 13-Year Cicada or 13-Year Decim
  • Locations: AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Eyes: reddish orange
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen. Orange between eye and wing.
  • More info, photos, sounds, video and references


Magicicada tredecula Alexander and Moore, 1962


Thumb - tredecula - Dan

  • Short Name: M. tredecula
  • Common Name: 13-Year Cicada or 13-Year Decula
  • Locations: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Eyes: reddish orange
  • Collar: black
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen.
  • >More info, photos, sounds, video and references



Related Resources

Most sound files are Copyright of Insect Singers.

Maps: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico [PDF]

Didn’t find what you’re looking for? Try these websites about the cicadas of North America, or these blog posts about United States and Canada.

Click the images for larger versions, the species name and the name of the photographer.

April 14, 2020

Magicicada tredecula Alexander and Moore, 1962

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 8:50 pm

Magicicada tredecula Alexander and Moore, 1962

Magicicada tredecula 2014 Ohio

Song type: Chorus


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. tredecula

Song type: Call


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. tredecula

Song type: Call


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. tredecula

Identification Tips

Smaller than M. neotredecim & M. tredecim. Orange stripes on its abdomen, through not as much as M. neotredecim & M. tredecim. Its chorus sounds like a ticking clock. Very similar to the 17-year M. septendecula.

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Brood Chart

Magicicada tredecula has a 13-year lifecycle.

Brood Year States
XIX (19) 1972, 1985, 1998, 2011, 2024 AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, VA
XXII (22) 1975, 1988, 2001, 2014, 2027 KY, LA, MS, OH
XXIII (23) 1976, 1989, 2002, 2015, 2028 AR, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, TN

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada tredecula Alexander and Moore, 1962
  • Short Name: M. tredecula
  • Common Name: 13-Year Cicada or 13-Year Decula
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Where it is found: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Subtribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada tredecula Alexander and Moore, 1962

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Magicicada.org.
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  5. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868)

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 8:30 pm

Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868).

Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868)
Photo credit: by Dan Mozgai. Ohio.

All Magicicada tredecim information and images on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: M. tredecim

Identification tips:

Similar to M. neotredecim, but the abdomen is typically more orange — these species overlap in limited areas, in which M. tredecim maintains the normal pitch of its call, and M. neotredecim raises its pitch. Read more on Magicicada.org. Larger than M. tredecassini and M. tredecula.

Brood chart

Magicicada tredecim has a 13-year life cycle.

Brood Year States
XIX (19) 1972, 1985, 1998, 2011, 2024 AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, VA
XXII (22) 1975, 1988, 2001, 2014, 2027 KY, LA, MS, OH
XXIII (23) 1976, 1989, 2002, 2015, 2028 AR, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, TN

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868)
  • Short Name: M. tredecim
  • Common Name: 13-Year Cicada or 13-Year Decim
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Where it is found: AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen. Orange between eye and wing.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Subtribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada tredecim (Walsh and Riley, 1868)

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Magicicada.org
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  5. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 8:09 pm

Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962.

Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962
Photo credit: by Dan Mozgai

All Magicicada tredecassini information and images on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. tredecassini

Identification Tips

Its abdomen is black. Its chorus sounds like hissing static. It is smaller than M. neotredecim and M. tredecim. It is very similar to the 17-year M. cassinii species.

Brood Chart

Magicicada tredecassini has a 13-Year lifecycle.

Brood Year States
XIX (19) 1972, 1985, 1998, 2011, 2024 AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, VA
XXII (22) 1975, 1988, 2001, 2014, 2027 KY, LA, MS, OH
XXIII (23) 1976, 1989, 2002, 2015, 2028 AR, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, TN

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962
  • Short Name: M. tredecassini
  • Common Name: 13-Year Cicada or 13-Year Cassini
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Where it is found: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Sub-Tribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada tredecassini Alexander and Moore, 1962

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Magicicada.org.
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  5. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Magicicada neotredecim Marshall and Cooley, 2000

Filed under: David Marshall | John Cooley | Leptopsaltriini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 7:36 pm

Magicicada neotredecim Marshall and Cooley, 2000.

Maybe a Magicicada neotredecim in Illinois

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: M. neotredecim

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Identification Tips

Thick orange stripes on the abdomen. Orange between the eye and wing insertion. In the few areas it overlaps with M. tredecim, M. neotredecim sings with a higher pitch. Read more on Magicicada.org. It is similar to the 17-year species M. septendecim.

Brood Chart

Magicicada neotredecim has a 13-year life cycle.

Brood XIX (19)

XIX (19)
Years: 1972, 1985, 1998, 2011, 2024
Locations: AR, IL, IN, KS, KY, MO, OK

XXIII (23)

XXIII (23)
Years: 1976, 1989, 2002, 2015, 2028
Locations: AR, IL, IN, KY, MO

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada neotredecim Marshall and Cooley, 2000
  • Short Name: M. neotredecim
  • Common Name: 13 Periodical Cicada or 13-Year Cicada or John and David’s Cicada
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 13 years.
  • Where it is found: AR, IA, IL, IN, KY, MO, TN
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen. Orange between eye and wing.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Subtribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada neotredecim Marshall and Cooley, 2000

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Magicicada.org.
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  5. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Magicicada septendecula Alexander and Moore, 1962

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 5:59 pm

Magicicada septendecula Alexander and Moore, 1962
Photo credit: by Dan Mozgai. Brood II, New Jersey.

All Magicicada septendecula info and images on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Joe Green | Species: M. septendecula

Song type: Call


Source: ©Joe Green | Species: M. septendecula

Video

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Identification Tips

M. septendecula is smaller than M. septedecim, and about the same size as M. cassisii. It typically has small (small compared to M. septedecim) orange stripes on its abdomen. It lacks the orange color between the eyes that M. septendecim has. Its chorus sounds like a ticking clock.

Brood Chart

Magicicada septendecula has a 17-year lifecycle.

Brood Year States
I (1) 1961, 1978, 1995, 2012, 2029 TN, VA, WVA
II (2) 1962, 1979, 1996, 2013, 2030 CT, GA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, VA
III (3) 1963, 1980, 1997, 2014, 2031 IA, IL, MO
IV (4) 1964, 1981, 1998, 2015, 2032 IA, KS, MO, NE, OK, TX
V (5) 1965, 1982, 1999, 2016, 2033 LI NY, western MD, east OH, south-west PA, north-west VA, northern half of WV
VI (6) 1949, 1966, 1983, 2000, 2017 GA, NC, SC, WI, OH
VIII (8) 1951, 1968, 1985, 2002, 2019 OH, PA, WVA and OK
IX (9) 1952, 1969, 1986, 2003, 2020 NC, VA, WVA
X (10) 1953, 1970, 1987, 2004, 2021 DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA, Washington DC
XIV (14) 1957, 1974, 1991, 2008, 2025 GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada septendecula Alexander and Moore, 1962
  • Short Name: M. septendecula
  • Common Name: Decula Periodical Cicdada or 17-Year Cicada
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Where it is found: GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, VA, WV
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Sub-Tribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada septendecula Alexander and Moore, 1962

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Magicicada.org
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  5. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758) aka Linnaeus’s 17-Year Cicada

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 5:30 pm

Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758) aka Linnaeus’s 17-Year Cicada aka Decim Periodical Cicada aka Pharaoh Cicada.

Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758)
Photo credit: by Dan Mozgai. Brood II, NJ.

Male Magicicada septendecim Metuchen NJ. Abdomen
Photo credit: by Dan Mozgai. Brood II, NJ.

All Magicicada septendecim information and images on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Distress


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Court II


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Call


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Court III


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Court I


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Video

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Identification Tips

M. septendecim is the largest of the 17-Year species. Its abdomen has thick orange stripes. It has orange coloring between its eye and wing. Its song sounds like “Wee-Oh”, “Pharaoh” and a group of them are said to sound like a “UFO from a science fiction movie”.

Color between the eye and wing insertion:
color magicicada septendecim

M. septendecim Brood Chart

Magicicada septendecim has a 17-year lifecycle.

Brood Years States
I (1) 1961, 1978, 1995, 2012, 2029 TN, VA, WVA
II (2) 1962, 1979, 1996, 2013, 2030 CT, GA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, VA
III (3) 1963, 1980, 1997, 2014, 2031 IA, IL, MO
IV (4) 1964, 1981, 1998, 2015, 2032 IA, KS, MO, NE, OK, TX
V (5) 1965, 1982, 1999, 2016, 2033 LI NY, western MD, east OH, south-west PA, north-west VA, northern half of WV
VI (6) 1949, 1966, 1983, 2000, 2017 GA, NC, SC, WI, OH
VII (7) 1950, 1967, 1984, 2001, 2018 NY
VIII (8) 1951, 1968, 1985, 2002, 2019 OH, PA, WVA and OK
IX (9) 1952, 1969, 1986, 2003, 2020 NC, VA, WVA
X (10) 1953, 1970, 1987, 2004, 2021 DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA, Washington DC
XIII (13) 1956, 1973, 1990, 2007, 2024 IA, IL, IN, MI, WI
XIV (14) 1957, 1974, 1991, 2008, 2025 GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Short Name: M. septendecim
  • Common Name: Decim Periodical Cicada or Linnaeus’s 17-Year Cicada or 17-Year Cicada
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Where it is found: CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen. Orange between eye and wing.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Identification: Bill Reynolds on iNaturalist
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Image: Insect Images
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Subtribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758)

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Magicicada.org
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  5. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852) aka Cassini 17-Year Cicada

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 5:04 pm

Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852) aka Cassini 17-Year Cicada.

Magicicada cassini; Brood X straggler

Female Magicicada cassini Colonia NJ

All Magicicada cassinii images & info on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Distress


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. cassini

Song type: Chorus


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. cassini

Song type: Call


Source: ©Joe Green | Species: M. cassini

Song type: Chorus


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. cassini

Video

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Identification Tips

M. cassinii differs from other Magicicada in that its abdomen is typically all black, with no orange. Exceptions occur in the mid-west, the occasional mosaic pigment mutation. It also lacks the orange coloring between the eye and wing that M. septendecim has. Its chorus sounds like hissing static.

M. cassini Brood Chart

Magicicada cassinii has a 17-year lifecycle.

Brood Years States
I (1) 1961, 1978, 1995, 2012, 2029 TN, VA, WVA
II (2) 1962, 1979, 1996, 2013, 2030 CT, GA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, VA
III (3) 1963, 1980, 1997, 2014, 2031 IA, IL, MO
IV (4) 1964, 1981, 1998, 2015, 2032 IA, KS, MO, NE, OK, TX
V (5) 1965, 1982, 1999, 2016, 2033 LI NY, western MD, east OH, south-west PA, north-west VA, northern half of WV
VIII (8) 1968, 1985, 2002, 2019, 2026 OH, PA, WVA and OK
IX (9) 1952, 1969, 1986, 2003, 2020 NC, VA, WVA
X (10) 1953, 1970, 1987, 2004, 2021 DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA, Washington DC
XIII (13) 1956, 1973, 1990, 2007, 2024 IA, IL, IN, MI, WI
XIV (14) 1957, 1974, 1991, 2008, 2025 GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WV

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852)
  • Short Name: M. cassinii
  • Common Name: Dwarf Periodical Cicada, Cassini Periodical Cicada or 17-Year Cicada
  • Synonym/Former Name: Magicicada cassini
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Where it is found: GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MO, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Identification: iNaturalist
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Sub-Tribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852)

List of sources

  • Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  • Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  • Locations: Magicicada.org
  • Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  • Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

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