Cicada Mania

Dedicated to cicadas, the most amazing insects in the world.

Cicada T-shirts

November 30, 2021

Elena’s Cicada Song

Filed under: Music — Dan @ 6:12 am

Steve send us this video of his daughter Elena’s Cicada Song. I hope you enjoy it:

November 29, 2021

2021 Cicada Gift Guide

Filed under: Cicada Mania — Dan @ 12:50 pm

No matter what you celebrate — Christmas, Hanukkah, birthdays, graduations, Treat Yourself Day — cicada-related items are a great gift! At the end of 2021, I’m sharing cicada gift related ideas, here and on social media. Check back for more tips.

The Season of the Cicadas by Les Daniels

The Season of Cicadas is the best general book about North American cicadas in print.

A photo guide to common cicadas of the Greater Sydney region by Nathan Emery

This is the best book about cicadas found in Australia in print. Get it from this website.

A photo guide to common cicadas of the Greater Sydney region

Cicadas of New Zealand by Olly Hills

This is the only book about the cicadas of New Zealand that I know of. Get it from this website.

Cicadas of New Zealand

Headbone Brood X Notebook

Many will remember the Brood X cicada emergence. How about a souvenir of the emergence and a useful notebook? Check out headbone’s Brood X notebook.

Headbone

Sue Fink’s Cicada Suite

Sue Fink’s “Cicada Suite” features 2 songs about cicadas on an adorable cicada-shaped flash drive. Irresistible!

Sue Fink

Toy Cicadas

Toy plastic cicadas? Why not. It’s winter in the norther hemisphere, so these fake cicadas will have to do.

Periodical Cicadas: The Brood X Edition by Gene Kritsky

This is a good souvenir of the 2021 Brood X emergence.

Cicadas!: Strange and Wonderful by Laurence Pringle. This book is good for kids, well-illustrated and covers annual cicadas so it’s good any year.

Cecily Cicada: 2021 Edition by Kita Helmetag Murdock and Patsy Helmetag

Cecily Cicada is a fictional story for kids about a cicada named Cecily. It is a perennial favorite.

Each day I’ll add more gift ideas here.

November 24, 2021

Cicada Research Published in 2021

Filed under: Papers and Documents — Dan @ 10:36 pm

Cicada Research Published in 2021.

34 so far (11/25/2021). Email cicadamania@gmail.com with any more.

December

  1. None yet!

November

  1. None yet!

October

  1. Lee, Young & Mohagan, Alma. (2021). A new species of Oncotympana Stål, 1870 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Oncotympanini) from Negros, Philippines. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity. Link.

September

  1. Moulds, Max & Marshall, D & Popple, Lindsay. (2021). Kimberpsaltriini, a new tribe for a new Australian cicada allied to Talcopsaltria Moulds (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae). Australian Entomologist. 48. 149-160. Link.
  2. Zhang, Lijia & Wang, Siyue & Billen, Johan & Wei, Cong. (2021). Morphology and ultrastructure of the epithelial femoral gland in cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Arthropod Structure & Development. 64. 101086. 10.1016/j.asd.2021.101086. Link.
  3. Hajong, Sudhanya & Limatemjen,. (2021). Platylomia kohimaensis n. sp.—a new cicada species (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) from the Naga Hills in the Eastern Himalayas. Zootaxa. 5047. 081-091. 10.11646/zootaxa.5047.1.7. Link.
  4. Kalesh, S.. (2021). A new species of Pomponia Stål, 1866 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) from the Western Ghats, with notes on the status of P. linearis (Walker, 1850) from southern India. Zootaxa. 5040. 388-403. 10.11646/zootaxa.5040.3.4. Link.
  5. Bator, John & Marshall, David & Hill, Kathy & Cooley, John & Leston, Adam & Simon, Chris. (2021). Phylogeography of the endemic red-tailed cicadas of New Zealand (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Rhodopsalta ), and molecular, morphological and bioacoustical confirmation of the existence of Hudson’s Rhodopsalta microdora. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 10.1093/zoolinnean/zlab065. Link.

August

  1. Villet, Martin & Edwards, Shelley. (2021). The cicada genus Tugelana Distant, 1912 (Hemiptera, Cicadidae): phylogenetic position and conservation status. African Invertebrates. 62. 399-410. 10.3897/afrinvertebr.62.66891. Link.

July

  1. Zhao, Chenchen. (2021). High-throughput sequencing yields a complete mitochondrial genome of the Cryptotympana atrata (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B. 6. 1883-1885. 10.1080/23802359.2021.1934154. Link.
  2. Pham, Thai & Lee, Young June. (2021). A new genus and species of the subtribe Leptopsaltriina (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Leptopsaltriini) from Vietnam, with a key to the genera of Leptopsaltriina. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 10.1016/j.aspen.2021.07.011. Link.
  3. Setyo Budi, Anang & Encilia, Encilia & Qodri, Agmal. (2021). IDENTIFIKASI MORFOMETRI EXUVIA TONGGERET DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR (MORPHOMETRICS IDENTIFICATION OF CICADA EXUVIAE IN BOGOR BOTANICAL GARDENS). 30. 10.52508/zi.v30i1.3996. Link.
  4. Sousa P, Grosso-Silva JM, Andrade R, Chaves C, Pinto J, Paupério J, Beja P, Ferreira S (2021) The InBIO Barcoding Initiative Database: DNA barcodes of Portuguese Hemiptera 01. Biodiversity Data Journal 9: e65314. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.9.e65314 Link.

June

  1. Escola, João & Guido, Rodrigo & Silva, Ivan & Maccagnan, Douglas & Cardoso, Alexandre & Souza, Uender. (2021). Estado da arte no monitoramento acústico de Cicadidae em lavouras de café: State of the art in acoustic monitoring of Cicadidae in coffee crops. Revista Macambira. 5. e051007. 10.35642/rm.v5i1.562. Link.
  2. Emery, Nathan & Emery, David. (2021). A new cicada species, Haemopsalta eximia (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) from north-western Sydney, Australia. Australian Entomologist. 48. 97. Link.
  3. Sanborn, Allen & Allick, Earl & Apang, Sandee & Castillo, Izyanna & Cruz, Erica & Davis, Theophilus & Duncan, Cory & Fierro, Fanny & Gebaide, Marla & Luke, Abigail & Pacheco, Maria & Paz-Castillo, Daniel & Perez, Laura & Poeck, Ana & Seepersaud, Adrian & Valdes, Carolina. (2021). Flight system morphology and minimum flight temperature in North American cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Journal of Thermal Biology. 100. 103004. 10.1016/j.jtherbio.2021.103004. Link.
  4. Pons, Pere & Carbonell-Font, Rafael & Franch, Martí & Lay, Josep & Espejo Fraga, Daniel & Fontelles, Ferran & Funosas, David & Fusellas, Marc & Puig-Gironès, Roger & Tobella, Carles & Franch, Marc. (2021). Diversitat, distribució i fenologia de les cigales (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) a Catalunya (NE Península Iberica) – Diversity, distribution and phenology of cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) in Catalonia (NE Iberian Peninsula) – Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d’Història Natural. 85. 59. 10.2436/20.1502.01.74. Link.
  5. WANG, SIYUE & PENG, XIAODONG & Wei, Cong. (2021). A review of the cicada genus Haphsa Distant, 1905 with the description of one new species from China (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) and a phylogenetic analysis of Haphsa and its allies. Zootaxa. 4991. 523-538. 10.11646/zootaxa.4991.3.5. Link.
  6. Li J, Liu H, Wu Y, Ye L, Huang X (2021) A dataset on type specimens of hemipteran insects in China. Biodiversity Data Journal 9: e64443. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.9.e64443 Link.

May

  1. Dandan, Wang & Liu, Yunxiang & Yan, Su & Wei, Cong. (2021). Bacterial Communities in Bacteriomes, Ovaries and Testes of three Geographical Populations of a Sap-Feeding Insect, Platypleura kaempferi (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Current Microbiology. 78. 10.1007/s00284-021-02435-7. Link.

April

  1. EWART, A. & Moulds, Max. (2021). An impressive new species of Mugadina from Queensland with notes on a congeneric species (Cicadidae: Cicadettinae: Cicadettini). Zootaxa. 4963. 563-576. 10.11646/zootaxa.4963.3.9. Link.
  2. Cooley, John & Marshall, David & Simon, Chris. (2021). Documenting Single-Generation Range Shifts of Periodical Cicada Brood VI (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Magicicada spp.). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 114. 10.1093/aesa/saab007. Link.
  3. Sanborn, Allen. (2021). A new species, genus and tribe of cicada (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae: Tibicininae) from Chile with a list of Chilean cicada fauna. Zootaxa. 4952. 87-100. 10.11646/zootaxa.4952.1.5. Link.

March

  1. WANG, JIALI & DUFFELS, JOANNES & WEI, CONG. (2021). Description of a new species of the genus Maua Distant (Hemiptera, Cicadidae) from China. Zootaxa. 4949. 582-588. 10.11646/zootaxa.4949.3.8. Link.
  2. Lee, Young June. (2021). A new species of Platypleura Amyot & Audinet-Serville (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Platypleurini) from Mindanao, Philippines. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity. 14. 10.1016/j.japb.2021.03.003. Link.
  3. Cole, Jeffrey. (2021). Bioacoustics of California Cacama Distant, 1904 with the first state record of C. moorei Sanborn & M. Heath, 2011 (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist. 97. 10.3956/2021-97.1.13. Link.
  4. Pham, Thai & Lee, Young June. (2021). A new genus and species of the subtribe Aolina (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Dundubiini) from Vietnam, with discussion on the taxonomic positions of Meimuna-like genera and species groups. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 24. 10.1016/j.aspen.2021.02.012. Link.

February

  1. Ruschel, Tatiana & Sanborn, Allen. (2021). Two new genera and species of Fidicinini Distant, 1905 with a re-description of Nosola Stål, 1866 (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadidae). Zootaxa. 4920. 509-527. 10.11646/zootaxa.4920.4.3. Link.
  2. Sanborn, Allen. (2021). The cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae) of Madagascar including a new tribe, five new genera, twelve new species, four new species synonymies, five revised species status, ten new combinations, new tribal assignments for four genera, one new subtribe synonymy, a checklist and key to the species Zootaxa. Vol. 4937 No. 1: 24. Link.

January

  1. Thapa, Punam & Katila, Nikita & Choi, Hyukjae & Han, Ah-Reum & Choi, Dong-Young & Nam, Joowon. (2021). Neuroprotective Effects of N-Acetyldopamine Dimers from Cicadidae Periostracum. Link.
  2. Mahmoudikordi, Farzaneh & Balvardi, Mohammad & Akhavan, Hamid-Reza. (2021). Optimization of Ethanol-Assisted Aqueous Oil Extraction from a Cicadidae Sp. 10.1101/2021.01.24.427958. Link.
  3. Sanborn, Allen & Villet, Martin. (2021). A New Species of Buyisa Distant, 1907 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadettinae: Cicadettini) from South Africa. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 123. 10.4289/0013-8797.123.1.199. Link.
  4. Park, Gunhyuk & Moon, Byeong & Ryu, Seung & Kim, Wook & Lim, Hye-Sun. (2021). Cicadidae Periostracum Attenuates Atopic Dermatitis Symptoms and Pathology via the Regulation of NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity. 2021. 1-16. 10.1155/2021/8878153. Link.
  5. Hill, Kathy & Marshall, David & Marathe, Kiran & Moulds, Max & Lee, Young June & Pham, Thai & Mohagan, Alma & Sarkar, Vivek & Price, Benjamin & Duffels, J. & Schouten, Marieke & Boer, Arnold & Kunte, Krushnamegh & Simon, Chris. (2021). The molecular systematics and diversification of a taxonomically unstable group of Asian cicada tribes related to Cicadini Latreille, 1802 (Hemiptera : Cicadidae). Invertebrate Systematics. 35. 10.1071/IS20079. Link.
  6. Allen F. Sanborn “A New Genus and Species of Neotropical Taphurini Distant, 1905 (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae: Cicadettinae) from Brazil with a Note on the Taxonomic Position of Prosotettix Jacobi, 1907,” Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 123(1), 190-198, (29 January 2021). Link.
  7. Sarkar, Vivek & Mahapatra, Cuckoo & Mohapatra, Pratyush & Kunte, Krushnamegh. (2021). Description of three new species of the genus Mata Distant, 1906 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadinae: Oncotympanini) with notes on their natural history from Indian state of Meghalaya, India. Zootaxa. 4908. 1-28. 10.11646/zootaxa.4908.1.1. Link.

October 29, 2021

The next 17 years of periodical cicadas

Filed under: Periodical | Periodical Stragglers — Dan @ 7:48 pm

In 2021, Brood X emerged in Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York (not yet extinct), Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington D.C. But, what about the next 17 years?

Top, Left to Right: cicada egg, freshly hatched nymph, second and third instar nymphs. Bottom, Left to Right: fourth instar nymph, teneral adult, adult. (Photos by Roy Troutman and Elias Bonaros).
Some stages of a Magicicada’s life cycle: Top, Left to Right: cicada egg (Troutman), freshly hatched nymph (Troutman), second and third instar nymphs (Bonaros). Bottom, Left to Right: fourth instar nymph, teneral adult, adult. (Mozgai).

Here’s a list of periodical cicada emergences for the next seventeen years, including Magicicada in the United States, Chremistica ribhoi in India, and Raiateana knowlesi in Fiji.

2022: ⚽ World Cup Cicada time

No Magicicada broods will emerge. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers.

The World Cup Cicada, Chremistica ribhoi, will emerge in India. Learn more about Chremistica ribhoi which has a 4-year cycle that synchronizes with the football/soccer World Cup.

2023: the Quiet Year

No Magicicada broods will emerge. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers.

Enjoy your local annual cicada species.

2024: the Big Year

Two Magicicada Broods, Brood XIII and Brood XIX (the Great Southern Brood) will emerge in the United States. Brood XIII has a 17-year cycle and is found in Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Brood XIX has a 13-year cycle and is found in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. That’s 19 states of periodical cicadas!

Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere as well.

2025: Brood XIV and the Nanai in Fiji

17-year Magicicada Brood XIV will emerge is found in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Possible undocumented spurious Magicicada broods and stragglers elsewhere as well. Most likely 4-year precursors from Brood I.

A periodical cicada with an 8-year cycle will emerge in Fiji: the Nanai aka Raiateana knowlesi.

2026: Stragglers and ⚽

Some 4-year precursors/stragglers from Brood II, will “make a buzz” in the news as Brood II emerges in heavily populated areas of New Jersey and Staten Island New York. Possible undocumented spurious Magicicada broods and stragglers elsewhere as well.

The World Cup Cicada, Chremistica ribhoi, will emerge in India again. Learn more about Chremistica ribhoi. ⚽

2027: super-cool Brood 22

13-year Magicicada Brood XXII will emerge in Ohio, Kentucky, Lousiana, and Mississippi.

Some Brood III straggersvwill emerge in Iowa, Illnois, and Missouri. Possible undocumented spurious Magicicada broods and stragglers elsewhere as well.

2028: The Mississippi Valley Brood

13-year Magicicada Brood XXIII, the Mississippi Valley Brood, will emerge in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Lousiana, Missouri, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

Some Brood IV stragglers will emerge in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas.

2029: The Shenandoah Valley Brood

17-year Magicicada Brood I, aka the Shenandoah Valley Brood, will emerge in Tennesee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Some Brood V stragglers will emerge in Long Island, New York, western Maryland, eastern Ohio, western Pennsylvania, most of West Virginia, and northern Virginia. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

2030: The Lesser Eastern Brood

17-year Magicicada Brood II, the Lesser Eastern Brood, will emerge in Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Pennslyvania, and Virginia. This brood gets a lot of attention because it emerges in heavily-populated New Jersey and Staten Island New York.

Some Brood VI stragglers will emerge in Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Oklahoma and Ohio. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

The World Cup Cicada, Chremistica ribhoi, will emerge in India. ⚽

2031: The Iowan Brood

17-year Magicicada Brood III, the Iowan Brood, will emerge in Iowa, Illnois, and Missouri.

Some Brood VII stragglers will emerge in Onondaga County, New York. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

2032: The Kansan Brood

17-year Magicicada Brood IV, the Kansan Brood, will emerge in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Some Brood VIII stragglers will emerge in eastern Ohio, western Pennsylvania, Hancock county West Virginia, and part of Oklahoma. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

2033: fantastic Brood 5 and the Nanai.

17-year Magicicada Brood V will emerge in Long Island, New York, western Maryland, eastern Ohio, western Pennsylvania, most of West Virginia, and northern Virginia.

Some Brood IX stragglers will emerge in North Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

The Nanai aka Raiateana knowlesi will emerge in Fiji.

2034: splendid Brood 6, some Brood 10 stragglers, and the World Cup Cicada

17-year Magicicada Brood VI will emerge in Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Oklahoma, Ohio, and maybe New York (and maybe Oklahoma).

Some Brood X stragglers will emerge, typically in areas with dense populations like Princeton, NJ. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

The World Cup Cicada, Chremistica ribhoi, will emerge in India. ⚽

Dan is 65 and can retire. But retire from Cicadas?! Never!

2035: The Onondaga Brood

17-year Magicicada Brood VII will emerge in Onondaga County, New York.

Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

2036: great Brood 8

17-year Magicicada Brood VIII will emerge in eastern Ohio, western Pennsylvania, Hancock county West Virginia, and part of Oklahoma.

Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

2037: Brood 9 and some Brood 13 stragglers

17-year Magicicada Brood IX will emerge in North Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia.

Some Brood XIII stragglers will emerge in Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

2038: the Great Eastern Brood X is Back!

17-year Magicicada Brood X cicadas will emerge in Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York (not yet extinct), Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington D.C.

Some Brood XIV stragglers will emerge 4 years early in Georgia, Kentucky, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Possible undocumented spurious broods and stragglers elsewhere.

The World Cup Cicada, Chremistica ribhoi, will emerge in India. ⚽

October 27, 2021

Cicadas of southern Africa: An illustrated guide to known species by R.D. Stephen

Filed under: Africa (Continent) | Botswana | Lesotho | Namibia | South Africa | Zimbabwe — Dan @ 4:50 pm

It isn’t often we get a single cicada publication as complete and awesome as Cicadas of southern Africa: An illustrated guide to known species by R.D. Stephen. The document is 224 pages long and includes color photos of dozens of cicadas with maps & text descriptions.

R.D. Stephen's Cicadas of southern Africa

Thanks to beetledude in iNaturalist and David Emery for letting me know.

September 16, 2021

New tribe Ayuthiini

Filed under: Ayuthia | Ayuthiini | Distantalna — Dan @ 6:11 pm

The paper The molecular systematics and diversification of a taxonomically unstable group of Asian cicada tribes related to Cicadini Latreille, 1802 (Hemiptera : Cicadidae)1 has introduced a new tribe Ayuthiini, replacing Tosenini for two genera of cicadas: Distantalna and Ayuthia.

New Tribe Ayuthiina

1 Hill Kathy B. R., Marshall David C., Marathe Kiran, Moulds Maxwell S., Lee Young June, Pham Thai-Hong, Mohagan Alma B., Sarkar Vivek, Price Benjamin W., Duffels J. P., Schouten Marieke A., de Boer Arnold J., Kunte Krushnamegh, Simon Chris (2021) The molecular systematics and diversification of a taxonomically unstable group of Asian cicada tribes related to Cicadini Latreille, 1802 (Hemiptera : Cicadidae). Invertebrate Systematics 35, 570-601. https://doi.org/10.1071/IS20079

August 15, 2021

A cicada… in England?!

Filed under: England | Tibicina — Dan @ 2:14 pm

A few years back a project was launched to discover if the New Forest cicada (Cicadetta montana) still exists in England. It once existed in southern England for sure, but seems to have gone extinct. To date, none have been found.

Recently a cicada was reported found in England on iNaturalist, appearing to belong to the genus Tibicina. The best resource for European cicadas is SONGS OF EUROPEAN SINGING CICADAS. Looking at the navigation of the website it looks like there are nine Tibicina in Europe (maybe more). The cicada on iNaturalist is brown with orange highlights: u-shaped marks on its mesonotum, an orange outline of its pronotal collar, and an orange line down the middle of its head. Wing veins appear brown & black and appear to be warped during the molting process. It might be teneral — still soft from the molting process — and so its adult colors have not fully developed.

So — is it a native to England or a stowaway in some cargo from mainland Europe?

The Twitter account @MorphoCicada posted this on Twitter, which alerted me to the matter.

July 15, 2021

Hieroglyphic cicada locations in New Jersey

Filed under: Megatibicen | Neocicada — Tags: , — Dan @ 6:56 am

Hieroglyphic cicadas (Neocicada hieroglyphica aka Hieroglyphic Cicada) are present in most of southern New Jersey, particularly the Pine Barrens area which has sandy soil (pure sand in a lot of places) and many pine and oak trees. This area is historically prone to fires because of the dry sandy soil and sappy pines. The fact that at least some Hieroglyphic appear every year and spend many years underground probably helps them circumvent minor fires.

Here’s a photo of a Hieroglyphic and Northern Dusk-Singing Cicada exuvia (shed skin). Quite a difference! Brendan T. Byrne State Forest.
Auletes and Hieroglyphic

Some Locations:

  • Brendan T. Byrne State Forest. Website. This is the best location I’ve found. Pine & oak forests with huckleberry undergrowth. Sandy soil. A good place to record and study their calls, as there is minimal interference from the general public. Exuvia of Hieroglyphic, Northern Dusk-Singing Cicada, and Neotibicen cicadas were easily found. Hieroglyphic Cicada choruses were very loud in the middle of the month (7/10-15), but by 7/31 very few were audible — look for them late June, early July.
  • 1900 NJ-70, Manchester Township, NJ. This is a strip mall with a good pizza restaurant (Pop’s), a bar, and a breakfast restaurant. The mall is surrounded by pines and oaks and is a good place for hearing Hieroglyphic and Northern Dusk-Singing Cicadas, as well as some Neotibicen.
  • 1936 Wildland Firefighter Memorial. 151-195 Greenbush Rd. Little Egg Harbor Twp, NJ. An interesting park that features the ruins of some buildings, and the typical combination of sandy soil, pine, oak, and huckleberry. Hieroglyphic cicadas were heard calling on pine trees. I believe this location is within Bass River State Forest.
  • Batso Village. Website. 31 Batsto Rd, Hammonton, NJ 08037. Batso Village is a large recreating of the Batso Village which produced iron and glass in the 18th century. It offers 3 or 4 trails that feature groves of pine trees inhabited by Hieroglyphic cicadas.
  • Franklin Parker Preserve. Website. Chatsworth Lake Entrance, 1450 County Rd 532, Chatsworth, NJ 08019. Some blackjack oak and sassafrass, but the forest is mostly pine. Hieroglphic cicadas are present and audible. The exuvia of small Neotibicen were present, and either N. canicularis or N. davisi are audible (I wouldn’t tell which).

All these areas are heavily infested with ticks, deer flies, and in some cases, mosquitos. Take precaution.

July 12, 2021

A new genus Vittagaeana and a new Cicada paper to go with it

Filed under: Gaeanini | Papers and Documents | Vittagaeana — Dan @ 12:51 pm

Recently a new paper was published with the authors Kathy B. R. Hill, David C. Marshall, Kiran Marathe, Maxwell S. Moulds, Young June Lee, Thai-Hong Pham, Alma B. Mohagan, Vivek Sarkar, Benjamin W. Price, J. P. Duffels, Marieke A. Schouten, Arnold J. de Boer, Krushnamegh Kunte and Chris Simon titled The molecular systematics and diversification of a taxonomically unstable group of Asian cicada tribes related to Cicadini Latreille, 1802 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) in Invertebrate Systematics, 2021, 35, 570–601. Link to the paper.

Here’s the abstract:

Abstract. The cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) related to tribe Cicadini exhibit some of the most remarkable phenotypes in the family, with many genera possessing striking colour patterns and unusual morphological features. This largely Asian group of 13 tribes has proven challenging for cicada taxonomists, in part because of likely convergent evolution or losses of these phenotypes. We present the first focused molecular phylogeny of this clade, including ~60 described genera. The genetic dataset contains 839 ingroup-informative sites (out of 2575) from mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, nuclear elongation factor-1 a, and nuclear acetyltransferase. We use Bayesian and maximum likelihood trees to test recent changes in tribe- and subtribe-level classification, and we reconstruct ancestral character states for potentially convergent traits influencing tribe descriptions. We use fossil and molecular clock calibrations to estimate the temporal and geographic context of the radiation. The tribes Gaeanini, Leptopsaltriini, Platypleurini, Psithyristriini, and Tosenini appear polyphyletic and in need of revision, in part because of convergent evolution of opaque wings and multiple convergent gains or losses of abdominal tubercles. Kalabita Moulton, 1923 is transferred from Platypleurini to Leptopsaltriini. Vittagaeana gen. nov. is established for Vittagaeana paviei comb. nov. and Vittagaeana dives comb. nov., formerly in Tosena. Sinosenini syn. nov. is synonymised with

As part of the paper, we get a new genus, Vittagaeana, made up of two cicadas formerly belonging to the genus Tosena. They were likely placed under Tosena because of the white line on their forewings, but after a review of genetics and other features, they have been given their own genus. They are closely related to the genera Ambragaeana, Callogaeana, Gaeana, Sulphogaeana and Trengganua. Also similar to Balinta, Paratalainga, and Talainga.

Vittagaeana dives (Westwood, 1842), formerly Tosena dives:
Tosena dives (Westwood, 1842)
More info: Vittagaeana dives (Westwood, 1842)

Vittagaeana paviei (Noualhier, 1896), formerly Tosena paviei:
Tosena paviei
More info: Vittagaeana paviei (Noualhier, 1896)

July 7, 2021

Brood X Magicicada photos by Jim Occi taken in Princeton, set 6

Filed under: Brood X | Jim Occi | Magicicada | Periodical — Dan @ 4:33 am

Brood X Magicicada photos by Jim Occi taken in Princeton, set 6. 2021.

Teneral Magicicada:
Teneral Magicicada

Teneral Magicicada:
Teneral Magicicada

Magicicada septendecim that failed to completely exit its exuvia before its body hardened:
Magicicada Jim Occi

Magicicada septendecim that failed to completely exit its exuvia before its body hardened:
Magicicada Jim Occi

A pair of Magicicada septendecim:
A pair of Magicicada Jim Occi

More from Jim Occi:

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