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April 3, 2020

Cacama valvata (Uhler, 1888) aka Common Cactus Dodger

Filed under: Cacama | Cryptotympanini | Philip Reese Uhler | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 5:44 pm

Cacama valvata (Uhler, 1888) aka Common Cactus Dodger.

Cacama valvata male
Male. Photo credit: by Adam Fleishman.

Cacama valvata cicada photo by Adam Fleishman
Female. Photo credit: by Adam Fleishman.

⭢ See all C. valvata images and info on cicadamania.com.

Song:


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: C. valvata

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube:

Name, Location and Description

Wm. T. Davis descriptions

A description of the Cacama cicadas from CICADAS OF THE GENUS CACAMA, WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF SEVERAL NEW SPECIES1:

In Cacama the tympanal coverings in the male entirely conceal the orifices, which is also the case in the genus Tibicen, but the head including the eyes is much narrower in Cacama, being little more than two thirds the width of the mesonotum. The abdomen is broad and much rounded behind ; in Tibicen it is more tapering. The apical areas of the fore wings in Cacama are eight in number, the two lowermost small and somewhat square in shape. In Tibicen the two lowest apical areas are not as nearly of the same size, the seventh being much smaller than the eighth.

Specifically about Cacama valvata:

Mr. Woodgate writes of the valvata he sent from Jemez Springs, N. M., that they were very shy and often found about the bush cactus. Some he took in the evening while they were at rest on the cactus. “They are the only insects except ants that can settle on the bush cactus without impaling themselves. The toughest beetles become impaled when they settle on this cactus and the ants proceed to eat them, but these Cicadas that have a very swift flight, can settle with impunity.” He says that “their song is not sustained for more than about two minutes in the brightest sunshine even.”

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cryptotympanini
Subtribe: Cryptotympanina
Genus: Cacama
Species: Cacama valvata (Uhler, 1888)

List of sources

  1. (1) Davis, W.T. 1919. CICADAS OF THE GENUS CACAMA, WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF SEVERAL NEW SPECIES. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, Vol. XXVII, No. I. Read it on archive.org.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

October 28, 2018

Diceroprocta cinctifera

Diceroprocta cinctifera is found in North America, specifically the south-western United States and Mexico. There are three subspecies. It was formerly known as Cicada cinctifera. Yes, its name has changed

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cryptotympanini
SubTribe: Cryptotympanina
Genera: Diceroprocta
Species: Diceroprocta cinctifera
Subspecies: Diceroprocta cinctifera cinctifera (Uhler, 1892)
Subspecies: Diceroprocta cinctifera limpia Davis, 1932
Subspecies: Diceroprocta cinctifera viridicosta Davis, 1930

Diceroprocta cinctifera
The image says Cicada cinctifera, but the name of this cicada is Diceroprocta cinctifera.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: D. cinctifera cinctifera

Name, Location and Description

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).
  3. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  4. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  5. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  6. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

October 4, 2018

Proarna squamigera Uhler, 1895

Proarna squamigera Uhler, 1895 is found in the Antilles islands.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Sub Family: Cicadinae
Tribe: Fidicinini
Sub Tribe: Guyalnina
Genus: Proarna
Species: Proarna squamigera Uhler, 1895

Proarna squamigera Uhler, 1895

Proarna genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Head (including eyes) about equal in width to base of mesonotum. eyes scarcely projecting beyond anterior angles of pronotum, vertex of head at area of ocelli distinctly longer than front; pronotum a little shorter than mesonotum. the posterior angles a little prominent but not lobately produced; abdomen about as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; metasternum with a moderately elevated transverse central plate, which is not anteriorly angularly produced ; tegmina about three times as long as broad, the transverse vein at base of second apical area more or less vertical ; wings about half the length of tegmina, the latter with eight apical areas, the basal cell longer than broad.

References:

  1. The illustration comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1914 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Gaeaninae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Species name information/verification comes from Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

April 27, 2016

Clidophleps blaisdellii (Uhler, 1892)

Filed under: Clidophleps | Philip Reese Uhler — Tags: , , — Dan @ 9:09 pm

Clidophleps blaisdellii (Uhler, 1892)

April 24, 2016

Tibicinoides cupreosparsa (Uhler, 1889)

Filed under: Philip Reese Uhler | Tibicinini | Tibicinoides | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 4:45 am

Tibicinoides cupreosparsa (Uhler, 1889)

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana/Tibicinoides 1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at the extremity, sometimes sinuate.

BB. Stouter bodied species, the fore and hind wings variegated with orange and black at the base.

CC. Marginal cells short; the third one in the fore wings about one-half as long as the second ulnar area adjoining and immediately behind it.

HH. Both pairs of wings clouded, particularly the basal half of the front pair.

Head including eyes about 4.5 mm. broad, membranes at the base of both pairs of wings vermilion; tergum black. Expands about 34 mm.

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genera: Tibicinoides
Species: Tibicinoides cupreosparsa (Uhler, 1889)

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Platypedia areolata (Uhler, 1861) aka Salmonfly Cicada

Filed under: Philip Reese Uhler | Platypedia | Platypediini | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 2:51 am

Platypedia areolata (Uhler, 1861) aka Salmonfly Cicada

Name, Location and Description

From W.T. Davis’ key to Platypedia1

A. Fore wings more than twice as long as broad.

B. Large, expanding 40 millimeters or over; uncus when viewed from above long and narrow.

CC. Head broader across the eyes with front not as strongly produced. Uncus viewed in profile arched at the top, the arch extending to the extremity, which is thickened; uncus also deepened near the base in typical putnami and areolata.

EE. Body black with brassy or greenish reflections. Fore femora almost entirely chestnut colored. Membranes at the base of fore wings pale, often almost white. Vein separating the radial cell from ulnar cells usually pale throughout its length.

Uncus viewed in profile arched at the top, distal two-thirds of lower line not straight but curved so that the extremity sometimes appears bent downward. The front of head is usually quite hairy. Expands from 48 to 54 millimeters. Occurs in British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana areolata (Uhler).

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Platypediini
Subtribe: ?
Genera: Platypedia
Species: Platypedia areolata (Uhler, 1861)

List of sources

  1. Davis, W.T. North American Cicadas Belonging to the Genera Platypedia and Melampsalta. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. V28. Pp 95-135. 1920. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  6. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

April 22, 2016

Okanagana cruentifera (Uhler, 1892)

Filed under: Okanagana | Philip Reese Uhler | Tibicinini | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 7:35 pm

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at extremity, sometimes sinuate.

B. Expanse of fore wings more than 50 mm.

C. Base of fore and hind wings orange red more or less variegated with black.

D. Outer edge of fore wings forming a somewhat straight line.

Very large species. Pronotum all black; mesonotum with orange, discal spots; front margin of fore wings bright orange to end of radial cell, slightly darker beyond; venation not thickened; blood-red at base of both pairs of wings; notch in last ventral segment of female double. Expands 70-75 mm

Similar to: Okanagana magnifica Davis, 1919, Okanagana mariposa mariposa Davis, 1915 and Okanagana mariposa oregonensis Davis, 1939.

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genera: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana cruentifera (Uhler, 1892).

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

April 19, 2016

Clidophleps blaisdellii (Uhler, 1892)

Filed under: Clidophleps | Philip Reese Uhler | Tibicinini | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 3:34 pm

Clidophleps blaisdellii (Uhler, 1892).

Name, Location and Description

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genera: Clidophleps
Species: Clidophleps blaisdellii (Uhler, 1892)

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

April 13, 2016

Okanagana hesperia (Uhler, 1872)

Filed under: Okanagana | Philip Reese Uhler | Tibicinini | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 7:05 pm

Okanagana hesperia (Uhler, 1872)

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. hesperia

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at the extremity, sometimes sinuate.

BB. Stouter bodied species, the fore and hind wings variegated with orange and black at the base.

C. Third marginal cell more than one half as long as second ulnar area adjoining and immediately behind it.

DD. Expand about 52 mm., usually much less.

G. Fore and hind wings, except marginal cells, infuscated. Uncus when viewed from behind with hook terminating in a broadly rounded notch.

Expands about 52 mm.

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana hesperia (Uhler, 1872)

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Platypedia putnami putnami (Uhler, 1877)

Filed under: Philip Reese Uhler | Platypedia | Platypediini | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 6:20 pm

Platypedia putnami putnami (Uhler, 1877)

Song type: Call (Crepitation)


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: P. putnami putnami

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Name, Location and Description

From W.T. Davis’ key to Platypedia1

A. Fore wings more than twice as long as broad.

B. Large, expanding 40 millimeters or over; uncus when viewed from above long and narrow.

CC. Head broader across the eyes with front not as strongly produced. Uncus viewed in profile arched at the top, the arch extending to the extremity, which is thickened; uncus also deepened near the base in typical putnami and areolata.

E. Body black with bluish reflections especially on the pronotum and mesonotum. Fore femora in mature individuals entirely black, pale at extremities, except in variety occidentalis of putnami which has chestnut-colored fore femora.

Vein separating the radial cell from ulnar cells black throughout its length in mature individuals. Costal margin of fore wings to end of radial cell brilliant orange; membranes at the base of fore wings bright orange or blood red. Uncus viewed in profile with distal two-thirds of lower line not straight, but curved so that the extremity sometimes appears bent downward. Expands about 50 millimeters. Occurs in Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, California putnami (Uhler).

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Platypediini
Subtribe: ?
Genus: Platypedia
Species: Platypedia putnami
Subspecies: Platypedia putnami putnami (Uhler, 1877)
Subspecies: Platypedia putnami keddiensis Davis, 1920
Subspecies: Platypedia putnami lutea Davis, 1920
Subspecies: Platypedia putnami occidentalis Davis, 1920

List of sources

  1. Davis, W.T. North American Cicadas Belonging to the Genera Platypedia and Melampsalta. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. V28. Pp 95-135. 1920. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  6. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

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