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November 4, 2018

Australian Cicada Names 🇦🇺

Filed under: Australia,David Emery,L. W. Popple,Nathan Emery — Dan @ 1:01 am

It’s that time again: time for cicadas in Australia (2018-2019)!

Are you in the Sydney area? Report cicada sightings to The Great Cicada Blitz (Sydney, AUS).

I’ll post sightings I hear about on social media here:

  1. November 4, 2018: Southern Mountain Squeaker (Atrapsalta furcilla). Reported by ozzicada on iNaturalist
  2. October 31, 2018: Small Bassian Ambertail (Yoyetta landsboroughi). Reported by ozzicada on iNaturalist.
  3. October 21, 2018: Alarm Clock Squawker (Pauropsalta mneme), Sandstone Squeaker (Atrapsalta corticinus sp. complex) & Fence Buzzer (Myopsalta mackinlayi) . Reported by Nathan Emery on Twitter.
  4. October 16, 2018: Zipping Ambertail (Yoyetta repetens), Ferny Acacia Cicada (Clinopsalta autumna), Southern Red-eyed Squeaker (Popplepsalta notialis) and Southern Bark Squeaker (Atrapsalta corticinus). Reported by Nathan Emery on Twitter.
  5. October 3, 2018: Small Bottle Cicada (Chlorocysta vitripennis). Reported by dianneclarke on iNaturalist.
  6. September 28, 2018: Green Grocer (Cyclochila australasiae). Reported by EmmaCCroker on Twitter.
  7. September 19, 2018: Alarm Clock Squawker (Pauropsalta mneme). Reported by njemery on iNaturalist.
  8. September 11, 2018: Silver Princess (Yoyetta celis). Reported by @christiewithaC on Twitter
  9. September 11, 2018: Bladder Cicada (Cystosoma saundersii). Reported by joelp on iNaturalist

Australia has the best cicada names:

Cyclochila australasiae

When is it out: late Sep-Dec, peaking in November.

Green Grocer

Green Grocer (Cyclochila australasiae)
Photo by Bron.

Green Grocer

rare green yellow Green Grocer
Photo by Kevin Lee. Yellow-Green Green Grocer with Mask.

Yellow Monday

Tom Katzoulopolopoulous (Cyclochila australasiae)
Photo by Tom Katzoulopolopoulous.


Blue Moon

Blue Moon (Cyclochila australasiae)
Photo by David Emery.

Masked Devil

Masked Devil cicada (Cyclochila australasiae)
Photo by David Emery.


Cherrynose or Whiskey Drinker (Macrotristria angularis)

When is it out: Nov-Feb, peaking in December.

Cherry Nose cicada (Macrotristria angularis)
Photo by David Emery.

Bagpipe Cicada (Lembeja paradoxa)

Lembeja paradoxa
Photo by David Emery.

Floury Baker (Abricta curvicosta)

Michelle Thompson's Floury Baker (Abricta curvicosta)
Photo by Michelle Thompson.

Golden Emperor (Anapsaltoda pulchra)

Anapsaltoda pulchra (Golden Emperor) from Herberton (Queensland) by David Emery.
Photo by David Emery.

Double Drummer (Thopha saccata)

When is it out: Nov-Feb, peaking in December.

Double Drummer
Photo by Dan.

Orange Drummer (Thopha colorata)

When is it out: January.

Orange Drummer (Thopha colorata)
Photo by Jodi.

White Drummer (Arunta perulata)

When is it out: Dec-Jan, peaking in January.

White Drummer cicada (Arunta perulata)
Photo by David Emery.

Bladder Cicada (Cystosoma saundersii)

When is it out: Sep-Jan, peaking in October.

Cystosoma saundersii (bladder cicada)
Photo by David Emery.

Redeye cicada (Psaltoda moerens)

When is it out: Nov-Feb, peaking in December.

Redeye cicada (Psaltoda moerens)
Photo by David Emery.

Click images for larger versions.

More interesting names:

Use this amazing image by David Emery to identify some of the most well-known Australian cicada species:

Aussie cicadas 1 (3)

People and Resources:

L. Popple’s website The Cicadas of Australia, is the best site for Australian cicadas. Follow @_DrPop_ on Twitter.

Nathan Emery’s Great Cicada Blitz. Follow Nathan on Twitter @ecotechnica and on Facebook.

Nathan Emery released a cicada book called “A photo guide to the common cicadas of the Greater Sydney Region”. You can purchase it on eBay.

A photo guide to the common cicadas of the Greater Sydney Region

Common names of Australian insects.

Laura Imbruglia sings songs that mention Green Grocers and Yellow Mondays on her album “It Makes a Crunchy Noise”.

2017-2018 reports of cicadas as I see them on social media

This might be handy for guessing when cicada species in Australia will emerge.

October 31, 2018

Neopsaltoda crassa Distant, 1910

Neopsaltoda crassa Distant, 1910, is a cicada found in Queensland, Australia.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cryptotympanini
SubTribe: Cryptotympanina
Genera: Neopsaltoda
Species: Neopsaltoda crassa Distant, 1910

Neopsaltoda crassa Distant, 1910

N. crassa is the only member of the genus Neopsaltoda. Neopsaltoda genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Head including eyes much broader than base of mesonotum, medial length about half the breadth between eyes, front prominent, at somewhat right angles with the lateral margins of the vertex which are straightly oblique; eyes somewhat large and prominent, extending beyond the anterior angles of the pronotum ; pronotum with the medial length about half as long as breadth at base, the anterior margin arcuate thus narrowing towards lateral margins which are rounded, posterior margin subtruncate; mesonotum including cruciform elevation nearly as long as broad; abdomen short and broad, but longer than greatest breadth, second segment very broad, dilated at lateral margins and lobately continued on each side beneath, the true tympanal coverings entire; opercula somewhat short, broader than long, overlapping internally , their apices broadly rounded; rostrum passing the intermediate coxae; tegmina and wings subhyaline; tegmina about two and a half times as long as greatest breadth, apical areas eight; wings about twice as long as broad, apical areas six; abdomen beneath more or less oblique depressed from near base to apex.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

October 30, 2018

Arenopsaltria fullo (Walker, 1850)

Arenopsaltria fullo (Walker, 1850) was formerly known as Henicopsaltria fullo. Yes, its name has changed since 1913. It was moved to a new genus. The Henicopsaltria genus still exists.

Arenopsaltria fullo is found in Australia.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cryptotympanini
SubTribe: Cryptotympanina
Genera: Arenopsaltria
Species: Arenopsaltria fullo (Walker, 1850)

Arenopsaltria  fullo (Walker, 1850)
The image says Henicopsaltria fullo, but the newest name of this cicada is Arenopsaltria fullo.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

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October 26, 2018

Psaltoda aurora Distant, 1881

Psaltoda aurora Distant, 1881, is found in Northeastern Queensland Australia and is commonly known as the Red Roarer.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cryptotympanini
SubTribe: Cryptotympanina
Genera: Psaltoda
Species: Psaltoda aurora Distant, 1881

Psaltoda aurora Distant, 1881

Psaltoda genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Head including eyes a little wider than anterior margin of pronotum, more than half as long as space between eyes and about as long as pronotum, ocelli on middle of vertex and much farther apart from eyes than from each other, face longer than broad, strongly globose; pronotum shorter than mesonotum including the cruciform elevation, the lateral margins not convexly ampliated but considerably narrowed anteriorly; mesonotum with its base narrower than head including eyes; abdomen considerably longer than broad, beneath more or less obliquely depressed from base to apex;opercula short, not or scarcely passing base of abdomen ; tympana covered; tegmina about three times as long as broad, basal cell longer than broad, apical areas eight ; wings more than half the length of tegmina, apical areas six.

References:

  1. Location information and common name provided by M.S. Moulds’ Australian Cicadas book. 1990. New South Wales University Press.
  2. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  3. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

October 25, 2018

Macrotristria godingi Distant, 1907

Macrotristria godingi Distant, 1907, is found in Northeastern Queensland Australia and is commonly known as the Tiger Prince! It looks like a Tiger, doesn’t it?

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cryptotympanini
SubTribe: Cryptotympanina
Genera: Macrotristria
Species: Macrotristria godingi Distant, 1907

Behold! The Tiger Prince!!

Macrotristria genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Length of head more than half the breadth between eyes, including eyes considerably broader than base of mesonotum; ocelli much more remote from eyes than from each other; face longer than broad, large and globose; pronotum about as long as mesonotum including the cruciform elevation and longer than head, the lateral margins with a distinct anterior lobe; abdomen about as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympana concealed; opercula scarcely extending beyond base of abdomen; rostrum reaching or slightly passing the posterior coxae; tegmina three times as long as broad, basal cell longer than broad, apical areas eight; wings more than half the length of tegmina, apical areas six.

References:

  1. Location information and common name provided by M.S. Moulds’ Australian Cicadas book. 1990. New South Wales University Press.
  2. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  3. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

October 24, 2018

Thopha sessiliba Distant, 1892

Filed under: Australia,Genera Insectorum,Thopha,Thophini,W. L. Distant — Tags: — Dan @ 8:20 pm

Thopha sessiliba Distant, 1892 is found in northern Austalia and is commonly known as the Northern Double Drummer. Like other members of the Thophini tribe, T. sessiliba has prominent sack-like tymbal covers, from which they get their common name “drummers”.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Thophini
Genera: Thopha
Species: Thopha sessiliba Distant, 1892

Thopha sessiliba Distant, 1892

Thopha genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Head short, broad, equal in width to apex of pronotum; eyes more or less pedunculated, prominent; ocelli four times more distant from eyes than from each other; apex of clavus acuminate; front destitute of a longitudinal sulcus; pronotum with the lateral margins almost truncate or slightly convex, widened forwardly; tegmina vitreous, basal area not twice longer than broad, interior ulnar area broadened towards apex; ulnar veins distant at base; wings vitreous, with six apical areas; opercula short, transverse; tympanal coverings very strongly developed and sac-like, projecting beyond the lateral abdominal margins in male.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

October 23, 2018

Cyclochila australasiae (Donovan, 1805)

Cyclochila australasiae (Donovan, 1805) is found in Australia and is remarkable for its variety of color morph, including green (Green Grocers), yellow (Yellow Mondays), blue (Blue Moons), orange (Masked Devils) and combinations of all those colors.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cyclochilini
Genera: Cyclochila
Species: Cyclochila australasiae (Donovan, 1805)

A Green Grocer:
C. australasiae (Donovan, 1805)

Cyclochila genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Head about long as breadth between eyes, including eyes distinctly narrower than pronotum but almost as wide as its anterior margin, ocelli close together near middle of vertex, very much more remote from eyes than from each other; face longer than broad, moderately globose; pronotum about as long as mesonotum including the cruciform elevation, its lateral. margins moderately convexly ampliated ; abdomen about as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation, beneath moderately convex ; opercula short, not passing base of abdomen ; tegmina about or nearly three times longer than broad, basal cell scarcely longer than broad, apical areas eight; wings more than half the length of tegmina, apical areas six.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

October 13, 2018

Arunta perulata (Guérin-Méneville, 1831)

Arunta perulata (Guérin-Méneville, 1831). Found in Australia. Known as a White Drummer. Like other members of the tribe Thophini, like Thopha colorata (Orange Drummer) and Thopha saccata (Double Drummer), they have massive sac-like tymbal covers, which is why they’re called drummers.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Thophini
Genera: Arunta
Species: Arunta perulata (Guérin-Méneville, 1831)

White Drummer cicada (Arunta perulata)
Photo by David Emery.

Arunta perulata (Guérin-Méneville, 1831)

Arunta genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Head transverse, moderately truncate in front of eyes, between eyes much narrower than base of mesonotum ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae; pronotum moderate broad, its breadth considerably less than length of both pro- and mesonotum (including the basal cruciform elevation); tympana very largely developed and sac-like, their apices obliquely extending beyond the lateral margins of the abdomen and to about half its length; opercula very small, not extending to base of metasternum, placed wide apart, and with their apical margins convex; anterior femora incrassated and spined ; posterior tibiae with a few lateral fine spines; tegmina and wings talc-like, tegmina with eight apical areas.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

September 7, 2018

Cicada Fun with Google Trends

Filed under: Australia,Brood X,Life Cycle,Periodical — Tags: — Dan @ 9:22 pm

Note: I originally took this article down because embedding Google Trends slowed down the loading of the page. I’m republishing without the embeds.

This article was inspired by Serious Fun with Google Trends by Simon Leather.

Google Trends is a Google website that lets you see trends in the search terms over time. When people search for “cicada” it usually means cicadas have emerged in their area at the time they search.

The following graph shows when people searched for “cicada” over the past 10 years in the United States. The largest spike, in May of 2004, coincided with the emergence of Brood X. See it on Google Trends.

Google Trends 2004-2015

You might think that periodical cicada emergences cause the largest spikes, but not always — and not just because periodical cicadas don’t emerge every year.

2004: Cicada searches spiked May 16-22, which was Brood X – Magicicadas.
2005: Jul 31-Aug 6 spike which was for Neotibicen Cicadas. No periodical cicadas.
2006: Aug 13-19, Neotibicen Cicadas. No periodical cicadas.
2007: May 20-26, Brood XIII – Magicicadas.
2008: Brood XIV Magicicadas emerged (spike Jun 8-14), but the largest spike was Jul 29-Aug 2, Neotibicen Cicadas.
2009: Aug 16-22, Neotibicen Cicadas.
2010: Aug 8-14, Neotibicen Cicadas.
2011: May 29-Jun 4, Brood XIX – Magicicadas.
2012: Jul 29-Aug 4, Neotibicen Cicadas.
2013: May 5-11, Brood II – Magicicadas.
2014: Brood XXII – Magicicadas had a relatively small spike May 25-31, compared with Aug 24-30 for Neotibicen Cicadas (late season due to cool weather). There was also a teeny bit of a spike around January of 2014 due to the “cicada 3301” meme/game.
2015: Brood XXIII & IV Magicicadas emerged (spike around Jun 7-13), but the largest spike was around Aug 9-15 for Neotibicen Cicadas.

Which cities had the most cicada searches over the past 14 years? Nashville, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Arlington, Washington, Alexandria, Pittsburg, St. Louis, Columbus, and Chicago. Time to move to Nashville.

Australia

In Australia, searches for “cicadas” peaks in December (summertime in Australia). It looks like there is a year-over-year pattern arising as well, with peaks every 4 years (2009, 2013, 2017) particularly, if you drill down to New South Wales.

Australia Google Trends

Japan

In Japan, searches for “セミ” peaks in August.

Google Trends Japan

Other countries

  • Argentina peaks in March for cigarra.
  • Brazil peaks in October and April for cigarra.
  • France peaks in July for cigales.
  • Mexico peaks in May or June for chicharra, but October for cigarra.
  • New Zealand peaks in February for cicadas.
  • South Korea peaks in July for 매미.
  • Spain peaks in July for cigarra.

Now I know when to visit these countries. :)

Try it yourself.

May 12, 2018

Cicadas of Australia

Filed under: Australia,Genera — Dan @ 11:32 am

Aleeta Moulds, 2003

Michelle Thompson's Floury Baker (Abricta curvicosta)
Aleeta curvicosta aka Floury Baker.

Anapsaltoda Ashton, 1921

Anapsaltoda pulchra (Golden Emperor) from Herberton (Queensland) by David Emery.
Anapsaltoda pulchra aka Golden Emperor

Arunta Distant, 1904

White Drummer cicada (Arunta perulata)
Arunta perulata aka White Drummer.

Chlorocysta

Cyclochila Amyot & Audinet-Serville, 1843

Green Grocer (Cyclochila australasiae)
Cyclochila australasiae aka Green Grocer.

Cyclochila australasiae come in a variety of colors including green (Green Grocers), yellow (Yellow Mondays), blue (Blue Moons), orange (Masked Devil) and combinations of all those colors.

Cystosoma Westwood, 1842

Cystosoma saundersii (bladder cicada)
Cystosoma saundersii aka Bladder Cicada.

Australian Species

Diemeniana Distant, 1906

Diemeniana euronotiana
Diemeniana euronotiana

Lembeja Distant, 1892

Lembeja paradoxa
Lembeja paradoxa aka Bagpipe cicada.

Macrotristria Stål, 1870

Cherry Nose cicada (Macrotristria angularis)
Macrotristria angularis aka Cherry Nose and Whiskey Drinker cicada.

Pauropsalta Goding & Froggatt, 1904

Psaltoda Stål, 1861

Redeye cicada (Psaltoda moerens)
Psaltoda moerens aka Redeye cicada.

Tettigarcta White, 1845

Thopha Amyot & Audinet-Serville, 1843

Orange Drummer (Thopha colorata)
Thopha colorata aka Orange Drummer.

Double Drummer (Thopha saccata)
Thopha saccata aka Double Drummer.

Blog Category and Posts:

Links for further research:

Australia

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