Cicada Mania

Dedicated to cicadas, the most amazing insects in the world.

April 6, 2020

Neotibicen canicularis (Harris, 1841) aka Dog-day Cicada

Filed under: Cryptotympanini,Neotibicen,United States — Tags: — Dan @ 4:46 am

Neotibicen canicularis (Harris, 1841) aka Dog-day Cicada.

Neotibicen canicularis

⭢ All Neotibicen canicularis images & information on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Call

Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: N. canicularis

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Name, Location and Description

Identification Key from
MISSISSIPPI CICADAS, WITH A KEY TO THE SPECIES OF THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES. by Wm. T. Davis.

A. Large, heavy bodied species ; head broad, uncus simple, and first cross vein in the fore wings starting from radius 3 far back, or about one third distant from base of first marginal cell.

B. Uncus longer than broad. Black species with green or greenish markings and black area on the central part of the abdomen beneath, except in sayi, and new variety of davisi.

C. Hind margin of pronotum or collar, green or greenish.

A definite longitudinal band of black on the under side of the abdomen ; head with the front rather prominent. Not a large species canicularis (Harris).

Identification notes from Notes on Cicadas from the United States with Descriptions of Several New Species by Wm. T. Davis

This document compares canicularis, davisi, and aurifera. Identifying any of the green/black Neotibicen can be vexing, so these details help.

Canicularis has the central area shining black and ex- tending in the form of an irregular band to the end of the abdomen.

In canicnlaris the collar is green with its front margin often edged with black.

List of sources

  • Davis, W.T. 1918. Mississippi Cicadas, with a Key to the Species of the Southeastern United States. Journal of The New York Entomological Society. Vol. XXVI. Read on archive.org.
  • Davis, W.T. 1916. Notes on Cicadas from the United States with Descriptions of Several New Species. Journal of The New York Entomological Society. Vol. 24. P. 42-65. Read on archive.org.
  • Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  • Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  • Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  • Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

March 28, 2020

Neotibicen canicularis – the Dog Day Cicada

Filed under: Neotibicen — Tags: — Dan @ 8:24 am

Neotibicen canicularis is one of the smaller Neotibicen. It’s better known as a Dog Day Cicada.

These photos come from a cicada hunt for auletes, but I found this canicularis as well.

Neotibicen canicularis

Male Neotibicen canicularis

March 8, 2020

Teneral Neotibicen canicularis photos by Daniel Costa

Filed under: Cryptotympanini,Neotibicen,United States — Tags: — Dan @ 7:56 am

Teneral (soft, recently molted) Neotibicen canicularis (Dog Day Cicada) photos by Daniel Costa, from 2014.

Teneral (soft, recently molted) Neotibicen canicularis (Dog Day Cicada) photos by Daniel Costa, from 2014.

Teneral (soft, recently molted) Neotibicen canicularis (Dog Day Cicada) photos by Daniel Costa, from 2014.

Teneral (soft, recently molted) Neotibicen canicularis (Dog Day Cicada) photos by Daniel Costa, from 2014.

September 21, 2017

2017 Cicada Summer

Filed under: Neotibicen,News — Tags: , , , — Dan @ 8:48 pm

Today is September 21st, 2017 — the last day of Summer, in central New Jersey. Leaves of maple trees have started to turn scarlet and yellow. Oaks are dropping their acorns. The few, remaining Morning (Neotibicen tibicen tibicen) and Linne’s (Neotibicen linnei) cicadas sound decrepit and tired — like tiny breaking machines, low on fuel and oil. I found one dead Morning cicada lying on a sidewalk — its body crushed. Here in New Jersey, at least, the cicada season is all but over.

Molting Neotibicen tibicen tibicen in Little Silver, NJ. August 26st.

As cicada years go, this one had ups and downs. It wasn’t as awesome as 2016, but I can’t blame the cicadas.

Downs:

  • No group cicada hunts this year. My cicada hobby is much more fun when I can share it with other people.
  • A skunk took over my favorite spot for finding Morning Cicada nymphs.
  • I had to go on a business trip during what would have been the best weeks for finding nymphs.
  • I forgot to bring my good audio recording equipment to Titusville, NJ & Washington Crossing, PA, and only got so-so iPhone audio of the weird N. winnemanna there.

Ups:

  • I found a new Megatibicen auletes location in Highlands, NJ. The location is about 50 miles north of where I usually find them.
  • I found more Megatibicen auletes exuvia than ever at the Manchester, NJ location where my friends and I normally hunt for auletes. Normally I find one or two — this year I found dozens. I found no adult specimens, other than those singing in the trees at dusk.
  • I did find enough exuvia & Morning cicadas that I should be happy.

Here’s some images from this summer:

Neotibicen tibicen tibicen with bad wing. The indigo color is fascinating. August 9th.
Neotibicen tibicen tibicen with bad wing

A Neotibicen tibicen tibicen found during a lunchtime stroll. September 1st.
Neotibicen tibicen tibicen 5

A female Neotibicen canicularis or maybe pink N. linnei found in Little Silver, NJ. August 25th.
female Neotibicen canicularis

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September 19, 2017

Neotibicen linnei and canicularis compared

Filed under: Neotibicen,Teneral — Tags: , — Dan @ 6:24 am

Sometimes the best cicada locations are just a short distance from your home. This summer I came across a grove of pine trees that had two species of Neotibicen: Neotibicen linnei (Linne’s Cicada) and Neotibicen canicularis (Dog-Day Cicada). Neotibicen linnei and Neotibicen canicularis look very similar when they’re adults (appearances vary by location), so it helpful to compare the two species.

This image compares Neotibicen linnei and canicularis when they’ve recently molted (teneral). Note that the N. linnei is yellow and green, while the N. canicularis is a pink/salmon color.
Linnei and Canicularis compared

This image compares these cicadas approximately 24 hours after molting. Note that they’ve achieved their adult coloring, which is very similar, but you can see vestiges of the pink on the N. canicularis.
Neotibicen linnei and canicularis compared

This last image compares the wing shape of N. linnei (foreground) and N. canicularis (background). Both cicadas are standing on the same piece of white paper. The wings of the N. linnei have a sharper bend — see how the tip of the wing is lifted far off the surface of the paper, while the wing of the N. canicularis almost sits on the paper. Also note that the N. linnei is a more vibrant green, and the N. canicularis is more of a drab/olive green.
linnei top canicularis bottom wing comparison

Read this journal article, to learn how closely these cicadas are related genetically:
HILL, KATHY B. R., DAVID C. MARSHALL, MAXWELL S. MOULDS, & CHRIS SIMON. “Molecular phylogenetics, diversification, and systematics of Tibicen Latreille 1825 and allied cicadas of the tribe Cryptotympanini, with three new genera and emphasis on species from the USA and Canada (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadidae).” Zootaxa [Online], 3985.2 (2015): 219–251. Web. 20 Sep. 2017

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