Cicada Mania

Dedicated to cicadas, the most amazing insects in the world.

December 8, 2018

Cicadatra flavicollis Horváth, 1911

Cicadatra flavicollis Horváth, 1911, is a cicada found in Egypt.

Its name changed from Psalmocharias flavicollis to Cicadatra flavicollis, when it was moved from the Psalmocharias Kirkaldy, 1908 genus (which still exists) to the Cicadatra Kolenati, 1857 genus.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cicadatrini
Genus: Cicadatra
Species: Cicadatra flavicollis Horváth, 1911

Cicadatra flavicollis Horváth, 1911
They image says Psalmocharias flavicollis, but the newest name of this cicada is Cicadatra flavicollis.

Cicadatra genus description by W. L. Distant from Genera Insectorum, 1914:

Characters. — Head (including eyes) narrower than base of mesonotum, its length less than width between eyes, but about as long as pronotum; pronotum much shorter than mesonotum, its lateral margins more or less obliquely straight, its posterior lateral angles a little ampliated; mesonotum convex; abdomen in male as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympanal coverings both narrower and shorter than tympanal orifices; opercula in male short and transverse, not extending beyond the base of abdomen; anterior femora spined beneath; tegmina and wings hyaline, the first sometimes a little maculate, its greatest width more than a third of length, apical areas eight; wings with six apical areas.

References:

  1. The illustration and description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1914 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Gaeaninae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Species name verification comes from Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

December 7, 2018

Terpnosia psecas (Walker, 1850)

Terpnosia psecas (Walker, 1850) is a cicada found in India, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and Java (Indonesia).

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Psithyristriini
SubTribe: Psithyristriina [Psithyr means “whispering” in Greek]
Genus: Terpnosia
Species: Terpnosia psecas (Walker, 1850)

Terpnosia psecas (Walker, 1850)

Terpnosia genus description by W. L. Distant:

Characters. — Head about as long as breadth between eyes, deflected anteriorly, front not prominent; pronotum distinctly shorter than mesonotum, its lateral margins sinuate, with the posterior angles moderately lobalety produced; abdomen in male longer than space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympanal coverings both narrower and shorter than tympanal cavities; opercula in male short and transverse, usually not or scarcely extending beyond base of abdomen; anterior femora spined beneath; tegmina and wings hyaline, the first usually more or less maculate, with eight apical areas, and the basal cell longer than broad; wings with six apical areas.

References:

  1. The illustration and description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1914 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Gaeaninae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Species name verification comes from Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

December 6, 2018

Lethama locusta (Walker, 1850)

Lethama locusta (Walker, 1850) is a cicada found in India.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Dundubiini
SubTribe: Cosmopsaltriaria
Genus: Lethama
Species: Lethama locusta (Walker, 1850)

Lethama  locusta (Walker, 1850)

Lethama genus description by W. L. Distant in Genera Insectorum, 1914:

Characters – lead horizontal, As long as space between eyes, not anteriorly deflected, front very prominent, margins of front and ver/ex obliquely sub-continuous; pronotum as long as mesonotum, its lateral margins oblique, sinuate, obscurely dentate; abdomen considerably longer than space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympana imperfectly covered, the flaps shorter and narrower than the tympanal cavities; rostrum about reaching the posterior coxae; anterior femora armed beneath with two or three strong spines; opercula extending to more than half the length of the abdomen, sinuate, wide apart and on the lateral abdominal areas; tegmina broad, their greatest breadth more than one-third of their length, apical areas eight, basal cell much longer than broad.

References:

  1. The illustration and description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1914 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Gaeaninae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Species name verification comes from Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

December 5, 2018

Tanna japonensis japonensis (Distant, 1892)

Filed under: Asia (Continent) | Genera Insectorum | Japan | Leptopsaltriini | Tanna | W. L. Distant — Tags: — Dan @ 1:01 am

Tanna japonensis japonensis (Distant, 1892) is a cicada found in Japan. There is another subspecies without a subspecies name (see below).

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Leptopsaltriini
SubTribe: Leptopsaltriina (which means slender harp player in Greek)
Genus: Tanna
Subspecies: Tanna japonensis japonensis (Distant, 1892)
Subspecies: Tanna japonensis var. ______ Ishihara, 1939

Photo by Osamu Hikino
Photo by Osamu Hikino.

Tanna genus description by W. L. Distant in Genera Insectorum, 1913:

Characters. — Head (including eyes) narrower than base of mesonotum and about as long as space between eyes; lateral margins of pronotum angularly sinuate, but not prominently toothed ; abdomen much longer than space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympana covered ; opercula small, not or scarcely extending beyond base of abdomen; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae; tegmina and wings hyaline. Closely allied to Leptopsaltria, from which it differs by only having a lateral tubercle on the second and not on the third ventral segment, in other respects resembling the genus Pomponia.

According to iNaturalist observations they’re found in July and August.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).
  3. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al.A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification.Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1—64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Cicada Papers of 2018

Filed under: Papers and Documents — Dan @ 1:01 am

54 Cicada Papers in 2018! I’m sure I missed a few. Updated on 5/5/2019.

If a missed a paper, email me at cicadamania@gmail.com.

December

  1. A Study on the Differences in Breeding Call of Cicadas in Urban and Forest Areas. Authors: Yoon-Jae Kim, Kyong-Seok Ki. Link to paper.
  2. One Hundred Mitochondrial Genomes of Cicadas. Authors: Piotr Lukasik, Rebecca A Chong, Katherine Nazario, Yu Matsuura, De Anna C Bublitz, Matthew A Campbell, Mariah C Meyer, James T Van Leuven, Pablo Pessacq, Claudio Veloso, Chris Simon, John P McCutcheon. Link to paper.
  3. A Hybrid Model for the Population Dynamics of Periodical Cicadas. Authors: Jonathan Machta, Julie C. Blackwood, Andrew Noble, Andrew M. Liebhold, Alan Hastings. Link to paper.
  4. Registro de Carineta Amyot e Audinet-Serville, 1843 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadettinae: Carinetini) no Estado de Goiás, Brasil. Authors: Douglas Henrique Bottura Maccagnan, Alan Ricardo Souza Gomes, Hiago Costa Dias, Millena Oliveira Duarte. Link to paper.
  5. Using wing geometric morphometric in identification of three species of grape cicads (Hem., Cicadidae) in Iran. Author: Reza Vafaei. Link to paper

November

  1. Changes in Endosymbiont Complexity Drive Host-Level Compensatory Adaptations in Cicadas. Authors: Matthew A. Campbell, Piotr Lukasik, Mariah C. Meyer, Mark Buckner, Chris Simon, Claudio Veloso, Anna Michalik, John P. McCutcheon . Link to paper.
  2. Gradient wetting state on cicada wing surface and rapid fabrication of its nanostructure with hydrophobicity and antireflectivity on polystyrene surface. Authors: Huang, H.-X & Xie, H. Link to paper.
  3. Dependence of mating rate on variance of eclosion time of cicadas (cicadidae). Author(s): Yasumasa Saisho. Link to paper.
  4. Gibbocicada brasiliana, new genus and new species from Brazil and a key for the genera of Tibicinini (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadidae). Author(s): Tatiana Petersen Ruschel. Link to Paper.

October

  1. The cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of Panama including the description of six new species, three new combinations, one new synonymy, and nine new records. Author(s): ALLEN F. SANBORN. Link to paper.

September

  1. Influence of construction and demolition waste on fitness and community structure of cicada nymphs: New bioindicators of soil pollution. Author(s): Zehai Hou, Yunxiang Liu, Cong Wei. Link to paper.
  2. LISTADO DE ESPECIES DE CIGARRAS (HEMIPTERA: CICADIDAE) EN EL ESTADO DE OAXACA, MÉXICO Y NOTAS SOBRE LA BIOLOGÍADE Quesada gigas (OLIVIER). Author(s): Sanchez Garcia, Jose Antonio & Jarquín-López, Roselia & Guzmán Vásquez, Héctor & Ruiz-Ortiz, Fernando & Jirón-Pablo, Elia & Martínez-Martínez, Laura & Meneses-Agudelo, Duvan. Link to paper.
  3. Comparative morphology of antennae in Cicadoidea (Insecta: Hemiptera), with respect to functional, taxonomic and phylogenetic implications. Author(s): Xu Wanga, Qinglong Li, Cong Wei. Link to paper.

August

  1. Identification and Seasonal Abundance of Auchenorrhyncha With a Focus on Potential Insect Vectors of Xylella fastidiosa in Olive Orchards in Three Regions of Greece. Author(s): Antonios E Tsagkarakis, Dimitrios G Afentoulis, Mohamed Matared, Zoi N Thanou, Georgia D Stamatakou, Argyro P Kalaitzaki, Despina K Tzobanoglou, Dimitrios Goumas Emmanouil Trantas, Ioannis Zarboutis, Dionyssios Ch Perdikis. Link to paper.
  2. Revision of the genus Rustia Stål, 1866 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadinae) including a generic synonymy, four new combinations, and two new species from the Western Ghats, India. Author(s): Kiran Marathe, Allen F Sanborn, Krushnamegh Kunte. Link to paper.
  3. Competition and Stragglers as Mediators of Developmental Synchrony in Periodical Cicadas. Author(s): Julie C. Blackwood, Jonathan Machta, Alexander D. Meyer, Andrew E. Noble, Andrew M. Liebhold. Link to paper.

July

  1. The periodical cicada four-year acceleration hypothesis revisited and the polyphyletic nature of Brood V, including an updated crowd-source enhanced map (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Magicicada). Authors: John R. Cooley​, Nidia Arguedas, Elias Bonaros, Gerry Bunker, Stephen M. Chiswell, Annette DeGiovine, Marten Edwards, Diane Hassanieh, Diler Haji, John Knox, Gene Kritsky, Carolyn Mills, Dan Mozgai, Roy Troutman, John Zyla, Hiroki Hasegawa, Teiji Sota, Jin Yoshimura, and Chris Simon. Link to article.
  2. Discovery of psychoactive plant and mushroom alkaloids in ancient fungal cicada pathogens. Authors: Greg Boyce, Emile Gluck-Thaler, Jason C. Slot, Jason E. Stajich, William J. Davis, Tim Y. James, John R. Cooley, Daniel G. Panaccione, Jorgen Eilenberg, Henrik H. De Fine Licht, Angie M. Macias, Matthew C. Berger, Kristen L. Wickert, Cameron M. Stauder, Ellie J. Spahr, Matthew D. Maust, Amy M. Metheny, Chris Simon, Gene Kritsky, Kathie T. Hodge, Richard A. Humber, Terry Gullion, Dylan P. G. Short, Teiya Kijimoto, Dan Mozgai, Nidia Arguedas, Matthew T. Kasson. Link to paper.
  3. A Natural Miniature of the Cicada Zammara calochroma Walker, 1858 (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae). Author(s): Allen F Sanborn. Link to paper.
  4. Ultrastructure of spermatozoa in three cicada species from China (Hemiptera, Cicadomorpha, Cicadidae). Author(s): Beibei Cui, Cong Wei. Link to paper.
  5. Cicada endosymbionts have tRNAs that are correctly processed despite having genomes that do not encode all of the tRNA processing machinery. Author(s): James T Van Leuven, Meng Mao, Gordon M Bennett, John McCutcheon. Link to paper.
  6. Extraction of high thermally stable and nanofibrous chitin from Cicada (Cicadoidea). Author(s): Abbas Mol, Murat Kaya, Muhammad Mujtaba, Bahar Akyuz. Link to paper.

June

  1. A new species of yoyetta (hemiptera: Cicadidae: cicadettini) from New South Wales. Author(s): M S Moulds, Lindsay W. Popple. Link to paper
  2. Cicada fossils (Cicadoidea: Tettigarctidae and Cicadidae) with a review of the named fossilised Cicadidae. Author: M.S. Moulds. Link to paper.
  3. Recurrent symbiont recruitment from fungal parasites in cicadas. Author: Yu Matsuura, Minoru Moriyama, Piotr Lukasik, Dan Vanderpool, Takema Fukatsu. Link to paper.
  4. Changes in endosymbiont complexity drive host-level compensatory adaptations in cicadas. Authors: Matthew A Campbell, Piotr Lukasik, Mariah M Meyer, Mark Buckner, Chris Simon, Claudio Veloso, Anna Michalik, John P McCutcheon. Link to paper.
  5. Gradient wetting state for droplet transportation and efficient fog harvest on nanopillared cicada wing surface. Authors: Heng Xie, Han-Xiong Huang, Hao-Yang Mi. Link to paper.
  6. Some notes to morphological and bioacoustics characteristics of Cicadatra hyalina (Fabricius, 1798) (Cicadoidea: Cicadidae) according to samples collected from different parts of Turkey. Author(s):Abbas MOL. Link to paper.

May

  1. Case 3761 — Platypleurini Schmidt, 1918: Proposed precedence over Hamzaria Distant, 1905 to conserve nomenclatural stability in the Cicadidae (Insecta, Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadoidea). Authors: David C. Marshall, Max Moulds, Michel Boulard, Allen F. Sanborn, Anthony Ewart, Cong Wei, Kiran Marathe, Lindsay W. Popple, Benjamin W. Price and Chris Simon. Link to article.
  2. Sensing of Substrate Vibrations in the Adult Cicada Okanagana rimosa (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Authors: Joscha A Alt, Reinhard Lakes-Harlan. Link to Paper.
  3. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Authors: DAVID C. MARSHALL, MAX MOULDS, KATHY B. R. HILL, BENJAMIN W. PRICE, ELIZABETH J. WADE, CHRISTOPHER L. OWEN, GEERT GOEMANS, KIRAN MARATHE, VIVEK SARKAR, JOHN R. COOLEY, ALLEN F. SANBORN, KRUSHNAMEGH KUNTE, MARTIN H. VILLET, CHRIS SIMON. Link to paper.
  4. An Identification key to the species of Auchenorrhyncha of Iranian fauna recorded as pests in orchards and a review on the pest status of the species. Author: FARIBA MOZAFFARIAN. Link to paper.
  5. Two new genera and two new species of cicadas from Central America (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadinae). Author: ALLEN F. SANBORN. Link to paper.

April

  1. Cicadetta sibillae Hertach & Trilar, 2015, nouvelle espèce de cigale pour la France (Hemiptera, Cicadidae) et premières analyses des sons complexes émis durant la cymbalisation d’appel nuptial. Authors: Stéphane Puissant and Kevin Gurcel. Link to paper.
  2. Triplicate parallel life cycle divergence despite gene flow in periodical cicadas. Authors: Tomochika Fujisawa, Takuya Koyama, Satoshi Kakishima, John R. Cooley, Chris Simon, Jin Yoshimura & Teiji Sota. Link to paper.
  3. Revision of the cicada genus Dilobopyga (Hemiptera, Cicadidae) from Sulawesi and the Moluccas. Author: J.P. Duffels. Link to paper.
  4. Two new genera and five new species of Mugadina-like small grass cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadettini) from Central and Eastern Australia: comparative morphology, songs, behaviour and distributions. Author: A Ewart. Link to paper.
  5. A flexible and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate based on Au nanoparticles/Graphene oxide/Cicada wing array. Authors: Guochao Shi, Mingli Wanga, Yanying Zhu, Lin Shen, Yuhong Wanga, Wanli Mac, Yuee Chen, Ruifeng Li. Link to paper.

March

  1. Two new species of Palapsalta (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) from Western Australia and Northern Territory. Authors: David Emery, Nathan Emery, P.M. Hutchinson. Link to paper.
  2. Extension in its distribution range and a new record for the cicada genus Salvazana Distant, 1913 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cryptotympanii) from India. Authors: Sudhanya Ray Hajong, Rodeson Thangkiew. Link to paper.
  3. Spatially resolved chemical analysis of cicada wings using laser-ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). Authors: Jessica K. Román, Callee M. Walsh, Junho Oh, Catherine E. Dana, Sungmin Hong, Kyoo D. Jo, Marianne Alleyne, Nenad Miljkovic, Donald M. Cropek. Link to paper.
  4. Comparative analysis of microbial communities associated with bacteriomes, reproductive organs and eggs of the cicada Subpsaltria yangi. Authors: Dandan Wang, Zhi Huang, Hong He, Cong Wei. Link to paper.
  5. The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae): redescription including fourteen new species, with a key to the species of the subtribe Dazina Kato, 1932 rev. stat., the description of the Aragualnini n. tribe, and one new combination. Author: Allen F. Sanborn. Link to Paper.

February

  1. Cicada parasitic moths from China (Lepidoptera: Epipyropidae): morphology, identity, biology, and biogeography. Authors: Yunxiang Liu, Zhaofu Yang, Guoyun Zhang, Qingqing Yu & Cong Wei. Link to paper.
  2. By land, air, and sea: hemipteran diversity through the genomic lens. Authors: Kristen A. Panfilio, David R. Angelini. Link to paper.
  3. Revision, phylogeny and phylogeography of the cicada genus Auritibicen (Hemiptera: Cicadidae), with descriptions of ten new species. Authors: Xu Wang, Masami Hayashi, Cong Wei. Link to paper.

January

  1. Urban heat island effect on cicada densities in metropolitan Seoul. Authors: Hoa Q. Nguyen, Desiree K. Andersen, Yuseob Kim, Yikweon Jang. Link to paper.
  2. Multiple origins of interdependent endosymbiotic complexes in a genus of cicadas. Authors: Piotr Lukasik, Katherine Nazario, James T. Van Leuven, Matthew A. Campbell, Mariah Meyer, Anna Michalik, Pablo Pessacq, Chris Simon, Claudio Veloso and John P. McCutcheon. Link to paper.
  3. Two New Species and Revised Species Status for Two Species of Ueana Distant, 1905 (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae). Author: Allen F. Sanborn. Link to paper.
  4. A specialized fungal parasite (Massospora cicadina) hijacks the sexual signals of periodical cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Magicicada). Authors: John R. Cooley, David C. Marshall & Kathy B. R. Hill. Link to paper.
  5. Germalna, a new genus for the New Caledonian cicada previously assigned to the genus Melampsalta Kolenati, plus a complement to the description of the genus Rouxalna Boulard, with the description of two new species (Insecta: Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae). Author: Quentin Delorme. Link to paper.
  6. The distribution, morphology and some bioecological properties of Cicadatra platyptera Fieber, 1876 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) in Izmir province of Turkey. Authors: Cevdet Kaplan, Serdar Tezcan. Link to paper.
  7. A new genus and species of Cicada from Vietnam: Cochleopsaltria duffelsi gen. et sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadidae). Authors: Thai Hong Pham, Jérôme Constant. Link to paper.

December 4, 2018

Purana conspicua Distant, 1910

Filed under: Asia (Continent) | Borneo | Genera Insectorum | Leptopsaltriini | Purana | W. L. Distant — Tags: — Dan @ 1:01 am

Purana conspicua Distant, 1910, is a cicada found in Borneo (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia).

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Leptopsaltriini
SubTribe: Leptopsaltriina
Genus: Purana
Species: Purana conspicua Distant, 1910

Purana conspicua Distant, 1910

Purana genus description by W. L. Distant in Genera Insectorum, 1913:

Characters. — Head (including eyes) as wide as base of mesonotum and as long as space between eyes; face prominent and convex, its base almost at right angles to the anterior lateral angles of vertex; pronotum narrowed anteriorly, its lateral margins angulated or toothed; mesonotum much longer than pronotum; abdomen moderately conical above, gradually attenuated posteriorly, in male considerably longer than the space between the apex of head and base of cruciform elevation, tubercles on the second and third ventral segments large and prominent; opercula small; tympanal coverings in male broader at base than long; rostrum reaching or a little passing posterior coxae; tegmina and wings hyaline.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).
  3. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al.A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification.Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1—64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

December 3, 2018

Cosmopsaltria gestroei (Distant, 1905)

Cosmopsaltria gestroei (Distant, 1905) is a cicada found in Paupa New Guinea.

Names… Sawda gestroi (in the image below) is an incorrect spelling of Sawda gestroei. The Sawda Distant, 1905 genus was merged into Cosmopsaltria Stål, 1866, which leaves us with the name Cosmopsaltria gestroei.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cosmopsaltriini
SubTribe: Cosmopsaltriaria
Genus: Cosmopsaltria
Species: Cosmopsaltria gestroei (Distant, 1905)

Have some fun comparing Distant’s description of the Sawda genus:

Characters. — Head (including eyes) about two thirds the breadth of base of mesonotum, and very slightly longer than breadth between eyes, its lateral margins discontinuous, the anterior margins of vertex being almost at right angles to front; mesonotum only slightly longer than pronotum; abdomen short, about as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympana covered,

To the Cosmopsaltria genus descriptions by W. L. Distant in Genera Insectorum, 1913:

Characters. — Body moderately long and robust, head as long as breadth between eyes, and including eyes as wide as base of mesonotum, with the front not twice as broad at base as anterior margins of the lobes of vertex, lateral margins obliquely continuous to front or very slightly sinuate; pronotum about as long as head, its lateral margins scarcely ampliated, but distinctly toothed or angulated; mesonotum slightly longer than pronotum ; abdomen short, about as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympana covered; opercula in male broad, either just or longly passing middle of abdomen, well separated and not overlapping, more or less concavely sinuate on each side at basal areas, their apices rounded or obliquely truncate; rostrum reaching, sometimes passing, the posterior coxae; tegmina and wings hyaline; greatest breadth of tegmina about a third of length, venation normal, basal cell much longer than broad.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

December 2, 2018

Champaka nigra (Distant, 1888)

Filed under: Asia (Continent) | Champaka | Dundubiini | Genera Insectorum | Philippines | W. L. Distant — Tags: — Dan @ 1:01 am

Champaka nigra (Distant, 1888) is found in the Philipines.

Back in 1913 Platylomia albomaculata and Platylomia nigra were regarded as two different species. (FYI, albomaculata means white spotted in Latin, and nigra means black or dark also in Latin.) Somewhere along the line it was determined that they’re the same species, and belong to the Champaka Distant, 1905 genus, thus Champaka nigra.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Dundubiini
SubTribe: Dundubiina
Genus: Champaka
Species: Champaka nigra (Distant, 1888)

Champaka nigra (Distant, 1888)
The image says Platylomia albomaculata. but the new name of this cicada is Champaka nigra.

Champaka genus description by W. L. Distant in Genera Insectorum, 1913:

Characters. — Head (including eyes) considerably broader than base of mesonotum, its length about equal to breadth between eyes, lateral margins of front and vertex almost obliquely in line; pronotum about as long as head, its lateral margins armed with a distinct medial spine ; mesonotum moderately tumid ; abdomen considerably longer than space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation ; tympana covered, tympanal coverings broader than long; opercula short. just reaching basal abdominal segment, laterally oblique and thus exposing the marginal areas of the cavities rostrum reaching the posterior coxae; anterior femora strongly spined beneath ; tegmina and wings hyaline, the first considerably longer than the body and with its greatest breadth considerably less than a third of its length; apical areas eight; basal cell longer than broad.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

December 1, 2018

Hyalessa mahoni (Distant, 1906)

Filed under: Asia (Continent) | Genera Insectorum | Hyalessa | India | Sonatini | W. L. Distant — Tags: — Dan @ 1:01 am

Hyalessa mahoni (Distant, 1906) is a cicada found in India.

Its name changed from Oncotympana mahoni to Hyalessa mahoni, when it was moved to the Hyalessa China, 1925 genus. The Oncotympana Stål, 1870 genus still exists. Interestingly, the Hyalessa genus belongs to the Sonatini tribe and Oncotympana belongs to Cicadini.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Sonatini
Genus: Hyalessa
Species: Hyalessa mahoni (Distant, 1906)

Hyalessa mahoni (Distant, 1906)
The image says Hyalessa mahoni, but the newest name for this cicada is Oncotympana mahoni.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

November 30, 2018

Cosmopsaltria capitata Distant, 1888

Cosmopsaltria capitata Distant, 1888 is found in Paupa (Indonesia).

Its name changed from Fatima capitata to Cosmopsaltria capitata probably when the Fatima Distant, 1905 genus was merged into the Cosmopsaltria Stål, 1866 genus.

Scientific classification:
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Tribe: Cosmopsaltriini
SubTribe: Cosmopsaltriaria
Genus: Cosmopsaltria
Species: Cosmopsaltria capitata Distant, 1888

Cosmopsaltria capitata Distant, 1888
The image says Fatima capitata, but the newest name of this cicada is Cosmopsaltria capitata.

Have fun comparing the Fatima genus description…

Characters. — Head (including eyes) about equal in breadth to base of mesonotum, as long as breadth between eyes, its lateral margins very irregular, the anterior lateral margins of the vertex being almost at right angles to the face; pronotum little more than half the length of mesonotum ; abdomen above as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation ; anal abdominal segment in male apically acutely dentate on each side; tympana covered, the tympanal coverings in male projecting a little beyond the lateral abdominal margins; rostrum passing the posterior coxae ; opercula in male broad, just or longly passing the middle of the abdomen, either concavely sinuate on each side or slightly and obsoletely sinuate, their apices rounded or obliquely truncate; tegmina and wings subhyaline, the first broad, their greatest breadth more than one third of their length.

… to the Cosmopsaltria genus description by W. L. Distant in Genera Insectorum, 1913:

Characters. — Body moderately long and robust, head as long as breadth between eyes, and including eyes as wide as base of mesonotum, with the front not twice as broad at base as anterior margins of the lobes of vertex, lateral margins obliquely continuous to front or very slightly sinuate; pronotum about as long as head, its lateral margins scarcely ampliated, but distinctly toothed or angulated; mesonotum slightly longer than pronotum ; abdomen short, about as long as space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation; tympana covered; opercula in male broad, either just or longly passing middle of abdomen, well separated and not overlapping, more or less concavely sinuate on each side at basal areas, their apices rounded or obliquely truncate; rostrum reaching, sometimes passing, the posterior coxae; tegmina and wings hyaline; greatest breadth of tegmina about a third of length, venation normal, basal cell much longer than broad.

References:

  1. The illustration and genus description comes from the journal Genera Insectorum, and a specific article from 1913 by W. L. Distant titled Homoptera. Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam, Cicadinae. Read it on the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.
  2. Current species name verified using Allen Sanborn’s Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).

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