Cicada Mania

Dedicated to cicadas, the most amazing insects in the world.

April 14, 2020

Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758) aka Linnaeus’s 17-Year Cicada

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 5:30 pm

Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758) aka Linnaeus’s 17-Year Cicada aka Decim Periodical Cicada aka Pharaoh Cicada.

Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758)
Photo credit: by Dan Mozgai. Brood II, NJ.

Male Magicicada septendecim Metuchen NJ. Abdomen
Photo credit: by Dan Mozgai. Brood II, NJ.

All Magicicada septendecim information and images on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Distress


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Court II


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Call


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Court III


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Song type: Court I


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. septendecim

Video

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Identification Tips

M. septendecim is the largest of the 17-Year species. Its abdomen has thick orange stripes. It has orange coloring between its eye and wing. Its song sounds like “Wee-Oh”, “Pharaoh” and a group of them are said to sound like a “UFO from a science fiction movie”.

Color between the eye and wing insertion:
color magicicada septendecim

M. septendecim Brood Chart

Magicicada septendecim has a 17-year lifecycle.

Brood Years States
I (1) 1961, 1978, 1995, 2012, 2029 TN, VA, WVA
II (2) 1962, 1979, 1996, 2013, 2030 CT, GA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, VA
III (3) 1963, 1980, 1997, 2014, 2031 IA, IL, MO
IV (4) 1964, 1981, 1998, 2015, 2032 IA, KS, MO, NE, OK, TX
V (5) 1965, 1982, 1999, 2016, 2033 LI NY, western MD, east OH, south-west PA, north-west VA, northern half of WV
VI (6) 1949, 1966, 1983, 2000, 2017 GA, NC, SC, WI, OH
VII (7) 1950, 1967, 1984, 2001, 2018 NY
VIII (8) 1951, 1968, 1985, 2002, 2019 OH, PA, WVA and OK
IX (9) 1952, 1969, 1986, 2003, 2020 NC, VA, WVA
X (10) 1953, 1970, 1987, 2004, 2021 DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA, Washington DC
XIII (13) 1956, 1973, 1990, 2007, 2024 IA, IL, IN, MI, WI
XIV (14) 1957, 1974, 1991, 2008, 2025 GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Short Name: M. septendecim
  • Common Name: Decim Periodical Cicada or Linnaeus’s 17-Year Cicada or 17-Year Cicada
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Where it is found: CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs. Orange stripes on abdomen. Orange between eye and wing.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Identification: Bill Reynolds on iNaturalist
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Image: Insect Images
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Subtribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada septendecim (Linnaeus, 1758)

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Magicicada.org
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  5. Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852) aka Cassini 17-Year Cicada

Filed under: Lamotialnini | Magicicada | Periodical | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 5:04 pm

Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852) aka Cassini 17-Year Cicada.

Magicicada cassini; Brood X straggler

Female Magicicada cassini Colonia NJ

All Magicicada cassinii images & info on cicadamania.com.

Song type: Distress


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. cassini

Song type: Chorus


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. cassini

Song type: Call


Source: ©Joe Green | Species: M. cassini

Song type: Chorus


Source: ©Cicada Mania | Species: M. cassini

Video

Video Playlist

Playlists contain multiple videos found on YouTube.

Identification Tips

M. cassinii differs from other Magicicada in that its abdomen is typically all black, with no orange. Exceptions occur in the mid-west, the occasional mosaic pigment mutation. It also lacks the orange coloring between the eye and wing that M. septendecim has. Its chorus sounds like hissing static.

M. cassini Brood Chart

Magicicada cassinii has a 17-year lifecycle.

Brood Years States
I (1) 1961, 1978, 1995, 2012, 2029 TN, VA, WVA
II (2) 1962, 1979, 1996, 2013, 2030 CT, GA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, VA
III (3) 1963, 1980, 1997, 2014, 2031 IA, IL, MO
IV (4) 1964, 1981, 1998, 2015, 2032 IA, KS, MO, NE, OK, TX
V (5) 1965, 1982, 1999, 2016, 2033 LI NY, western MD, east OH, south-west PA, north-west VA, northern half of WV
VIII (8) 1968, 1985, 2002, 2019, 2026 OH, PA, WVA and OK
IX (9) 1952, 1969, 1986, 2003, 2020 NC, VA, WVA
X (10) 1953, 1970, 1987, 2004, 2021 DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WVA, Washington DC
XIII (13) 1956, 1973, 1990, 2007, 2024 IA, IL, IN, MI, WI
XIV (14) 1957, 1974, 1991, 2008, 2025 GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, WV

Name, Location and Description

  • Cicada Name: Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852)
  • Short Name: M. cassinii
  • Common Name: Dwarf Periodical Cicada, Cassini Periodical Cicada or 17-Year Cicada
  • Synonym/Former Name: Magicicada cassini
  • When: May-June. Peak in June. Every 17 years.
  • Where it is found: GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MO, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
  • Maps: Map
  • Description: Black body with orange wings and legs.
  • Eye Color: reddish orange
  • Pronotal Collar Color: black
  • Identification: Bug Guide
  • Identification: iNaturalist
  • Subject Matter Expert website: Magicicada.org
  • Taxonomic Information: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  • Song: Magicicada.org

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
SubFamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Lamotialnini
Sub-Tribe: Tryellina
Genus: Magicicada
Species: Magicicada cassinii (Fisher, 1852)

List of sources

  • Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  • Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  • Locations: Magicicada.org
  • Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.
  • Tribe information comes from: MARSHALL, DAVID C. et al. A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification. Zootaxa, [S.l.], v. 4424, n. 1, p. 1–64, may 2018. ISSN 1175-5334. Available at: https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4424.1.1

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

March 22, 2020

Lake Count Forest Preserves Cicada Mania! Festival, part 4

Filed under: Brood XIII | Magicicada | Periodical — Tags: — Dan @ 5:19 pm

Here’s some photos from the Cicada Mania! Festival at the Lake Count Forest Preserves at Ryerson Woods back in 2008 for the Brood XIII Magicicada emergence.

Skip to Part 1, Part 2, or Part 3.

Magicicada cicadas. Most, if now all are Magicicada septendecim:

Cicada on a leg. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada on a hand. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Many Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Many Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Magicicada septendecim.

Updating Magicicada back at my hotel room (giant Alien Ware laptop):
Updating cicadamania.com

Lake Count Forest Preserves Cicada Mania! Festival, part 3

Filed under: Brood XIII | Magicicada | Periodical — Dan @ 5:13 pm

Here’s some photos from the Cicada Mania! Festival at the Lake Count Forest Preserves at Ryerson Woods back in 2008 for the Brood XIII Magicicada emergence.

Skip to Part 1, Part 2, or Part 4.

These are photos of Magicicada, most if not all are Magicicada septendecim:

Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

3 Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Many Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Many Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Many Magicicada. Magicicada. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Lake Count Forest Preserves Cicada Mania! Festival, part 2

Filed under: Brood XIII | Magicicada | Periodical — Dan @ 5:07 pm

Here’s some photos from the Cicada Mania! Festival at the Lake Count Forest Preserves at Ryerson Woods back in 2008 for the Brood XIII Magicicada emergence.

Skip to Part 1, Part 3, or Part 4.

A photo of Magicicada on a wall:
Cicada photo. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicadas around the world plaque:
Card. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Pomponia imperator:
Pomponia. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicadas of Australia:
Cicadas of Australia. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Salvazana mirabilis mirabilis & Distantalna splendida… and some lanternflies:
Cicadas. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada of Madagascar:
Cicadas. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

A stick sculpture:
A hut. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Lake Count Forest Preserves Cicada Mania! Festival, part 1

Filed under: Brood XIII | Magicicada | Periodical — Dan @ 4:52 pm

Here’s some photos from the Cicada Mania! Festival at the Lake Count Forest Preserves at Ryerson Woods back in 2008 for the Brood XIII Magicicada emergence.

Skip to Part 2, Part 3, or Part 4.

The Cicada Mobile:
Cicada Mobile. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada Mobile. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada Mobile. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada Mobile. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

A metal cicada sculpture:
Cicada sculpture. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada Sculpture. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada specimen displays:
Cicada specimens. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

Cicada specimens. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

A display demonstrating the lifecycle of periodical cicadas:
Cicada Lifecycle. Lake Count Forest Preserve outside of Chicago. Brood XIII. 2007.

March 21, 2020

Brood XXI Map

Filed under: Brood XXI | Extinct | Magicicada | Periodical — Dan @ 6:14 pm

Periodical cicada Brood XXI is extinct. It was a small brood of Magicicada with a 13-year lifecycle. It was last seen/heard in 1870. Visit Magicicada.org for more information.

Map from Marlatt, C.L.. 1907. The periodical cicada. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology:

Marlatt 1907 21 Brood XXI

March 7, 2020

Magicicada nymphs found by Elias, part 2

Filed under: Elias Bonaros | Magicicada | Nymphs | Periodical — Dan @ 6:02 am

Continuing from part 1, Elias Bonaros did some digging and took these photos of first and second instar Magicicada periodical cicadas on a warm winter day (March 21, 2010).

Now you know what cicadas look like when they’re underground!

Generally speaking the ones with the bulbous abdomens are second instar, and the smaller ones with the less bulbous or not bulbous abdomens are first instar.

Magicicada Nymphs found by Elias, part 1

Filed under: Elias Bonaros | Magicicada | Nymphs | Periodical — Dan @ 5:50 am

Have you every wondered what cicadas look like when they’re underground? Elias Bonaros did some digging and took these photos of first and second instar Magicicada periodical cicadas on a warm winter day (March 21, 2010). Magicicadas have 5 instars, or phases of development. Each phase has a slightly different appearance.

This is a probable second instar nymph of Magicicada septendecim (Periodical cicada) from the 2008 Brood XIV emergence. Dug up from beneath an oak tree. It was living approximately 4-6 inches from the ground surface. Temperature 70 degrees.

Elias cicada nymph

These are probable first and second instar nymphs of Magicicada septendecim (Periodical cicada) from the 2008 Brood XIV emergence. Dug up from beneath an oak tree. They were living approximately 4-6 inches from the ground surface. Temperature 70 deg.

Elias Magicicada nymphs

February 29, 2020

Magicicada skins blanket the ground around the roots of a tree

Filed under: Brood I | Exuvia | John Cooley | Magicicada | Periodical — Dan @ 12:25 pm

Magicicada skins (exuvia) blanket the ground around the roots of a tree. This is a photo of periodical cicada skins taken by John Cooley of Magicicada.org in Warriors’ Path State Park, TN, in 2012. Brood I.

2012 Tennessee photo by John Cooley

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