Cicada Mania

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April 22, 2016

Okanagana annulata Davis, 1935

Filed under: Okanagana | Tettigadini | United States | William T. Davis — Tags: — Dan @ 7:04 pm

Okanagana annulata Davis, 1935

Name, Location and Description

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genera: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana annulata Davis, 1935

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

April 13, 2016

Okanagana balli Davis, 1919

Filed under: Okanagana | Tibicinini | United States | William T. Davis — Tags: — Dan @ 7:23 pm

Okanagana balli Davis, 1919.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. balli

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at the extremity, sometimes sinuate.

BB. The expanse of fore wings 50 mm. or less; orange variegated with black at the base of both pairs of wings. (Some examples of fratercula exceed 50 mm.)

GG. Pronotum in mature individuals black with the central portions variegated with orange or yellow. Basal cell of fore wings yellowish or translucent.

Membranes at the base of fore and hind wings pinkish, the remainder of wing venation yellowish. The W mark on the front portion of the mesonotum separated from the mesonotal X; tergum darker, the terminal segments nearly all yellow as in synodica.
Expands about 46 mm.

Similar to: Okanagana synodica synodica (Say, 1825) aka Walking Cicada.

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana balli Davis, 1919

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Okanagana fumipennis Davis, 1932

Filed under: Okanagana | Tibicinini | United States | William T. Davis — Tags: — Dan @ 7:18 pm

Okanagana fumipennis Davis, 1932

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. fumipennis

Name, Location and Description

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana fumipennis Davis, 1932

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Okanagana hesperia (Uhler, 1872)

Filed under: Okanagana | Philip Reese Uhler | Tibicinini | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 7:05 pm

Okanagana hesperia (Uhler, 1872)

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. hesperia

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at the extremity, sometimes sinuate.

BB. Stouter bodied species, the fore and hind wings variegated with orange and black at the base.

C. Third marginal cell more than one half as long as second ulnar area adjoining and immediately behind it.

DD. Expand about 52 mm., usually much less.

G. Fore and hind wings, except marginal cells, infuscated. Uncus when viewed from behind with hook terminating in a broadly rounded notch.

Expands about 52 mm.

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana hesperia (Uhler, 1872)

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Okanagana synodica synodica (Say, 1825) aka Walking Cicada

Filed under: Okanagana | Thomas Say | Tibicinini | United States — Tags: — Dan @ 7:01 pm

Okanagana synodica synodica (Say, 1825).

News (6/10/2021): This cicada was recently found in Oklahoma. Read more on the Oklahoma Cicadas Facebook Page.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. synodica synodica

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at the extremity, sometimes sinuate.

BB. The expanse of fore wings 50 mm. or less; orange variegated with black at base of both pairs of wings. (Some examples of fratercula exceed 50 mm.)

GG. Pronotum in mature individuals black with the central portions variegated with orange or yellow. Basal cell of fore wings yellowish or translucent.

Head small, front prominent; discal yellow marks extending from the mesonotal X to the front margin of the mesonotum. The veins surrounding the first seven marginal cells of the fore wing infuscated.
Expands about 42 mm.

Similar to: Okanagana balli Davis, 1919.

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana synodica
Subspecies: Okanagana synodica synodica (Say, 1825)
Subspecies: Okanagana synodica nigra Davis, 1944

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Okanagodes terlingua Davis, 1932

Filed under: Okanagana | Tibicinini | United States | William T. Davis — Tags: — Dan @ 6:51 pm

Okanagodes terlingua Davis, 1932.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. terlingua

Name, Location and Description

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagodes terlingua Davis, 1932

List of sources

  1. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  2. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  3. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  4. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Okanagana utahensis Davis, 1919

Filed under: Okanagana | Tibicinini | United States | William T. Davis — Tags: — Dan @ 6:50 pm

Okanagana utahensis Davis, 1919

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. utahensis

Okanagana utahensis song by Tim McNary

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at the extremity, sometimes sinuate.

BB. Stouter bodied species, the fore and hind wings variegated with orange and black at the base.

C. Third marginal cell more than one half as long as second ulnar area adjoining and immediately behind it.

D. Expand about 55 to 60 mm. Black species with basal portions of fore and hind wings orange variegated with black.

EE. Front of head conspicuously produced; silken hairs on underside of abdomen short and inconspicuous.

Dorsal surface with the hairs more upright than in striatipes, which it much resembles in markings. Dorsum of abdomen black, beneath central area usually black with hind margins of segments reddish. Basal cell darkened. Expands about 60 mm.

Similar cicada: Okanagana striatipes (Haldeman, 1852).

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana utahensis Davis, 1919

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Okanagana vanduzeei Distant, 1914

Filed under: Okanagana | Tibicinini | United States | W. L. Distant — Tags: — Dan @ 6:44 pm

Okanagana vanduzeei Distant, 1914

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. vanduzeei

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

AA. Male uncus hooked at extremity.

BB. Stouter bodied species, the fore and hind wings variegated with orange and black at the base.

C. Third marginal cell more than one half as long as second ulnar area adjoining and immediately behind it.

D. Expand about 55 to 60 mm. Black species with basal portions of fore and hind wings orange variegated with black.

E. Front of head not conspicuously produced; underside of the abdomen with very numerous long silken hairs.

F. Abdomen black above or nearly so in var. californica.

Almost wholly black above, pronotum dull rufus [rust color], particularly on the sides; abdomen beneath with the central area black, except the reddish or yellowish posterior margin of each segment; valve black on the underside.
Expands about 60 mm.

There are two varieties, although no longer recognized as sub-species:

O. vanduzeei var. consobrina Distant: “Dorsal markings much lighter, especially about the mesonotal X; abdomen beneath with a black spot on each segment except the last. Expands about 55 or 60 mm.”1

O. vanduzeei var. californica Distant: “Dorsal markings of the pronotum still more extended and confluent; beneath, abdomen almost entirely yellowish, valve yellowish. Expands about 57 mm.”1

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana vanduzeei Distant, 1914

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

Okanagana viridis Davis, 1918 aka Cotton Green Cicada

Filed under: Okanagana | Tibicinini | United States | William T. Davis — Tags: — Dan @ 6:29 pm

Okanagana viridis Davis, 1918

Okanagana viridis photo by Coleman Cobbs
Okanagana viridis photo by Coleman Cobbs.

Song type: Call


Source: ©Insect Singers | Species: O. viridis

Name, Location and Description

From Davis’ key to Okanagana1:

A. Male uncus not hooked at the extremity, sometimes sinuate.

B. Expanse of fore wings more than 50 mm.

CC. Base of the fore and hind wings not of the usual orange-red variegated with black.

Body and wing venation nearly entirely green; basal cell of fore wings clear. Expands 65 mm.

Classification:

Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadettinae
Tribe: Tibicinini
Subtribe: Tibicinina
Genus: Okanagana
Species: Okanagana viridis Davis, 1918

List of sources

  1. Davis, William T. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. v27. 179-223. 1919. Link.
  2. Full Binomial Names: ITIS.gov
  3. Common names: BugGuide.net; The Songs of Insects by Lang Elliott and Wil Herschberger; personal memory.
  4. Locations: Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips.
  5. Descriptions, Colors: personal observations from specimens or photos from many sources. Descriptions are not perfect, but may be helpful.

More Okanagana viridis photos by Coleman Cobbs:

Okanagana viridis photo by Coleman Cobbs

Okanagana viridis photo by Coleman Cobbs

Okanagana viridis photo by Coleman Cobbs

Notes:

  • Some descriptions are based on aged specimens which have lost some or a lot of their color.

April 9, 2013

Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico

Download the PDF here: www.cicadamania.com/downloads/diversity-05-00166.pdf.

We are excited to announce the availability of a document by Allen F. Sanborn and Polly K. Phillips titled Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico. This document features distribution maps for North American cicada species! This document is an excellent companion to The Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae) of North America North of Mexico by Allen F. Sanborn and Maxine S. Heath (link to that book).

Abstract: We describe and illustrate the biogeography of the cicadas inhabiting continental North America, north of Mexico. Species distributions were determined through our collecting efforts as well as label data from more than 110 institutional collections. The status of subspecies is discussed with respect to their distributions. As we have shown over limited geographic areas, the distribution of individual species is related to the habitat in which they are found. We discuss the biogeography of the genera with respect to their phylogenetic relationships. California is the state with the greatest alpha diversity (89 species, 46.6% of taxa) and unique species (35 species, 18.3% of taxa). Texas, Arizona, Colorado and Utah are the states with the next greatest alpha diversity with Texas, Arizona and Utah being next for unique species diversity. Maine, New Hampshire and Rhode Island are the states with the least amount of cicada diversity. Diversity is greatest in states and areas where there is a diversity of plant communities and habitats within these communities. Mountainous terrain also coincides with increases in diversity. Several regions of the focus area require additional collection efforts to fill in the distributions of several species.
Keywords: cicada; distribution; Diceroprocta; Tibicen; Okanagana; Okanagodes; Cacama; Magicicada; Platypedia; Cicadetta

An example of a map from the document:

Example Map

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