Update: a reminder that the World Cup Cicada will be back in 2018 (as will the World Cup)!
Chremistica ribhoi Hajong and Yaakop 2013 is a cicada that lives in the Ri-Boi district of India. C. ribhoi is known as the World Cup cicada because it emerges every four years in synch with the World Cup association football (soccer) tournament.
C. ribhoi is known locally as Niangtasar. It only lives in a very small area: Saiden village (N 25’51’37.1’’; E 091’51’16.3”) and Lailad (N 25’55’09.7” E 091’46’25.0”) situated on the northern part of the state of Meghalaya. The cicada can be identified by the presence of two white spots on either side of the anterior abdominal segment.
Researcher Sudhanya Hajong is gearing up to study these cicadas since this is the year they will emerge. Ri-Boi area locals use these cicadas as a food source and fish bait. These cicadas are threatened by deforestation (cutting down forests for agricultural purposes). Sudhanya plans to educate locals about conserving them and protecting their habitat.
Most of the facts in the post come from the following document: Hajong, S.R. 2013. Mass emergence of a cicada (Homoptera: Cicadidae) and its capture methods and consumption by villagers in ri-bhoi district of Meghalaya. Department of Zoology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong – 793 022, Meghalaya, India.
Thanks to Chris Simon of The Simon Lab at UCONN for providing the information that made this post possible.
Note: the image in this article is not an accurate depiction of C. ribhoi. :)
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A paper titled The cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka: an annotated provisional catalogue, regional checklist and bibliography was published in June of 2016 in the Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e8051. The authors of the document include, Benjamin Wills Price, Elizabeth Louise Allan, Kiran Marathe, Vivek Sarkar, Chris Simon, Krushnamegh Kunte, but I think Ben was the lead.
You can access it here: http://bdj.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=8051
Quotes from the abstract:
The cicadas of the Indian subcontinent, like many other insects in the region, have remained understudied since the early part of the 20th Century, and await modern taxonomic, systematic and phylogenetic treatment. This paper presents an updated systematic catalogue of cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) from India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka, the first in over a century.
This paper treats 281 species, including: India and Bangladesh (189 species), Bhutan (19 species), Myanmar (81 species), Nepal (46 species) and Sri Lanka (22 species). For each species all recognized junior synonyms are included with information on the type material and additional specimens where relevant.
For images of the cicada described in the document, head on over to the Cicadas of India website.
Here’s a cicada I never thought I would see, but thanks to Raghu Ananth, here are two photos of a
Tosena sibyla Gaeana atkinsoni .
This photo was taken on May 2nd, 2009:
Note the characteristic double stripes on the fore wings. Note how the smaller stripe doesn’t make it all the way to the claval fold.
Here are observations about this cicada provided by Raghu Ananth:
Brief description –
The cicada has red eyes, red thorax with black patch above, red abdomen, black wings with yellow veins and a large yellow patch lines on the wings.
Numbers. found – several dozens.
Habitat – tree barks near forest path
length – 4-5 cms
The orange-red coloured cicada is one of the beautiful cicadas in the forests. It has a red body, red eyes and black wings with yellow patches. During one of our trips to the evergreen forests in the Uttara Kannada district (Karnataka), we spotted two of them camouflaged on the bark of each tree, actively walking up and down and then appearing a colourful red when in flight from one bark of the tree to another. Their singing, however, seemed not in sync with each another. On our approach they would try to hide behind the bark or fly to a distant tree.
This illustration of a
T. sibylla Gaeana atkinsoni comes from the document A monograph of oriental cicadidae (1892) by William Lucas Distant.
Updated (5/8/2014) with a video by Harinath Ravichandran:
Raghu Ananth sent us these photos of cicadas from India. If you can identify them, let use know.
UPDATE: David Emery provided use with these ID’s, in Order from Top to Bottom:
Macrosemia umbrata. Platypleura capitata, Platypleura sp and Pomponia linearis.
Click the images for a larger version:
Cicada Found in Arunachal Pradesh, India: Macrosemia umbrata
Cicada Found Near Mysore, India: Platypleura capitata
Cicada Found in Kukke Subramanya: Platypleura sp
Cicada Found in Bhagamandala, Coorg, India: Pomponia linearis
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If you’re curious as to what cicadas in India look like, check out India Nature Watch, and visit their Cicadidae and Cicada pages. Try a search on their site too to reveal more.
This cicada is particularly pretty.
Update (2012), also visit The Cicadas of India Facebook group.
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