Want to learn more about the cicadas of South Africa? The best place to start is this The Cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadoidea) of South Africa compiled by Martin H. Villet and Rudi Mijburgh.
May 5, 2015
April 26, 2015
Allen F. Sanborn & Maxine S. Heath published a new paper about cicadas titled The cicadas of Argentina with new records, a new genus and fifteen new species (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae) in Zootaxa Vol 3883, No 1, in November of 2014. Website for the document.
The abstract of the paper reveals some exciting discoveries:
- 108 species belonging to 37 genera, eight tribes, and three subfamilies of cicadas are represented in the Argentine cicada fauna.
- The new genus is Torresia Sanborn & Heath gen. n.
- New species:
- Adusella signata Haupt, 1918 rev. stat.
- Alarcta micromacula Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Chonosia longiopercula Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Chonosia septentrionala Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Dorisiana noriegai Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Fidicinoides ferruginosa Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Guyalna platyrhina Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Herrera humilastrata Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Herrera umbraphila Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Parnisa lineaviridia Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Parnisa viridis Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Prasinosoma medialinea Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Proarna alalonga Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Proarna parva Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Torresia lariojaensis Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
- Torresia sanjuanensis Sanborn & Heath sp. n.
The document is 94 pages long.
April 5, 2015
Depending on where you live, it might be warm enough for periodical cicadas to start moving around underground, or start digging tunnels to the surface and building cicada “chimneys” above their holes. Report cicada nymph or adult sightings to Magicicada.org so cicada researchers will know where they are.
What to look for:
1) Animals can hear the cicadas stirring underground, and will try to dig them up and eat them. Look for holes (about the size of a walnut or larger) made by animals digging for cicadas.
2) Look for cicadas under stones and slates. Some cicadas will burrow their way to the surface, but they hit a large stone or slate and can go no further.
If you find them in this situation, gently put the stone or slate back. They will usually find their way around the obstruction once the time is right.
One clue that a Magicicada nymph is not ready to emerge is their eyes are still white. Their eyes turn red/orange prior to emerging (a few retain a white/blue color).
3) Cicada holes are about the size of a dime. Cicada premptively dig holes to the surface and wait until the weather is nice enough for them to emerge. Sometimes you can see them down in the holes.
4) Cicadas form chimneys above their holes when the soil is moist or muddy. These chimneys might look like a simple golf ball sized dome or a structure over six inches tall.
Periodical cicadas typically won’t emerge until their body temperature reaches approximately 65 degrees Fahrenheit (17-19.5 Celsius1). Their bodies are warmed by surrounding soil, or warm water from rain. A good rule of thumb is, if the soil 8 inches deep is 65°, the conditions are good that they might emerge.
1Heath, J.E. 1968. Thermal synchronization of emergence in periodical “17-year” cicadas (Ho- moptera. Cicadidae, Magicicada). American Midland Naturalist 80:440–448.
March 4, 2015
A new version of the Cicadidae of Japan is out. This is not a reprint. It adds new photos and the accompanying CD features new audio recordings.
It is available on Amazon in Japan.
February 23, 2015
Flickr.com is an excellent source of cicada photos, and it is where I go for cicada photos from New Zealand. This is a sample of the cicada photos you will find on Flickr.com.
The colorful Amphipsalta zealandica:
Photo by Sid Mosdell. Auckland New Zealand. CC BY 2.0.
Photo by Nuytsia@Tas. Punakaiki, Paporoa National Park, New Zealand. CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
Members of the genus Kikihia:
Photo by Rosino. Auckland, New Zealand. CC BY-SA 2.0.
Photo by aliceskr. New Zealand. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
Members of the genus Maoricicada:
Photos by Jon Sullivan. Auckland, New Zealand. CC BY-NC 2.0.
Photo by Jon Sullivan. Auckland, New Zealand. CC BY-NC 2.0.
Visit NEW ZEALAND CICADAS (HEMIPTERA: CICADIDAE): A VIRTUAL IDENTIFICATION GUIDE for in-depth information about the cicadas of New Zealand.
February 5, 2015
Isn’t this a lovely picture (updated with colors sorted)?
This image represents the combined range of all Magicicada periodical cicada broods, including the extinct Broods XI (last recorded in Connecticut) and XXI (last recorded in Florida).
To produce this image, I visited John Cooley’s Magicicada.org Cicada Geospacial Data Clearinghouse and downloaded the Shapefile of Magicicada broods. Then I used the computer program QGIS to change the Shapefile to a KML file, and then I opened the file in Google Earth. Credit goes to John for pulling the data together into the Shapefile.
I manually edited the KML file to try to give each Brood a different color.
An interesting area is Fredrick County, where 5 different broods seem to exist (or have existed) at once.
Peach = Brood I
Green = Brood II
Purple = Brood V
Cyan = Brood X
Red = Brood XIV
It’s also interesting that four of the broods are separated by four years: X, XIV, I, V.
January 20, 2015
I felt bad about always using an illustration of North American cicadas, so I made a Green Grocer cicada for Australian fans.
Get this image on a shirt, mug or even a pillow case via CafePress (the mugs are the most affordable).
November 20, 2014
This is a selection of links to websites dedicated to the cicadas of Australia.
- A web guide to the Cicadas of Australia. BY L.W. Popple. Features an abundance of cicada information, photos and maps PHOTOS MAPS AUDIO.
- CSIRO Cicadidae (ento.csiro.au) Dozens of specimen photos organized by scientific name, including location information too. PHOTOS
- Brisbane Cicadas (brisbaneinsects.com) One of the best Australian cicada sites. Features pages for the following cicadas Brown Bunyip, Razor Grinder, Bladder Cicada, Floury Baker, Thin-striped Wattle Cicada, Small Bottle. Many photos and some audio files. PHOTOS AUDIO
- Narelle Power’s Cicada Photos (pbase.com) About a dozen photos, including Cicadetta oldfieldi (Wattle), Tamasa tristigma (Brown Bunyip), Psaltoda harrisii (Yellow Belly). PHOTOS
- Scribbly Gum’s The Summer of Signing Cicadas (abc.net.au) Many beautiful photos and fantastic information. PHOTOS MAPS
- Morwell National Park Online (morwellnp.pangaean.net) Photos of Cicadetta abdominalis/Grasshopper firetail, Cicadetta denisoni/Black firetail, Cyclochila australasiae/Greengrocer, Pauropsalta rubristrigata/Great montane squeaker. PHOTOS
- Chambers Wildlife Rainforest Lodges – Cicadas (rainforest-australia.com) Several photos and many lists of cicada facts. Tropical North Queensland, Australia. PHOTOS
- AusEmade Cicada (ausemade.com.au) An abundance of cicada information including photos and a chart that tells you where you can find cicadas by scientific and common names. PHOTOS
November 19, 2014
This is a selection of links to websites dedicated to the cicadas of Europe.
- Songs of European Singing Cicadas. Many images, sound files and text content.
- SONGS OF CICADAS from Slovenia and Istria (Croatia) (arnes.si) Many cicada photos, sound files and about six paragraphs of information about the cicadas of Slovenia and Croatia by Prof.dr. Matija Gogala.
- La cigale : un insecte vraiment étonnant ! Lots of text content, photos and video of the cicadas of France.
- Species Action Plan: New Forest Cicada (Cicadetta montana) (ukbap.org.uk) A photo and about ten paragraphs of information. England.
- Welcome to the New Forest Cicada Project. A site devoted to finding the New Forrest Cicada in England.
- Cicadas of Spain. There are a lot of photos and video from Spain on Cicada Mania thanks to Iván Jesús Torresano García.
November 13, 2014
It’s that time again: time for cicadas in Australia!
Australia has the best cicada names:
- Cyclochila australasiae
- Macrotristria angularis
- Pauropsalta extrema
- Typewriter [picture]
- Lembeja paradoxa
- Abricta curvicosta
- Anapsaltoda pulchra
- Arenopsaltria fullo
- Sandgrinder [picture]
- Macrotristria godingi
- Tiger Prince [picture]
- Thopha saccata
- Thopha colorata
- Arunta perulata
- Psaltoda plaga
- Black Prince [picture close to center of page]
- Tamasa tristigma
- Brown Bunyip [Brown Bunyip]
Use this amazing image by David Emery to identify some of the most well-known Australian cicada species:
Click images for larger versions and the name of the photographer.
Also visit L. Popple’s The cicadas of Australia.
Laura Imbruglia sings songs that mention Green Grocers and Yellow Mondays on her album “It Makes a Crunchy Noise”.